Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
 
最新录用  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理研究    2018, Vol. 37 Issue (12): 2399-2410     DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201812003
  彭华教授纪念专栏 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
美国西部红层地貌发育及与中国东南部丹霞地貌的对比
潘志新1(),任舫2(),彭华3
1. 海南大学旅游学院,海口 570228
2. 中国地质科学院地质力学研究所,北京 100081
3. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
Development of red bed landform in the western United States and a comparison with Danxia landform in southeast China
PAN Zhixin1(),REN Fang2(),PENG Hua3
1. School of Tourism, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
2. Institute of Geo-mechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
3. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
全文: PDF (1545 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)     
摘要 

美国西部和中国东南部都是世界上中生代红层的主要分布区,形成了以赤壁丹崖为特征的地貌景观,具有很高的对比研究价值。通过地质资料分析和野外考察,对美国西部红层的分布和形成年代,地质构造背景,岩性和地貌特征等进行梳理,并和中国东南部丹霞地貌进行对比。结果表明:美国西部红层地貌和中国东南部丹霞地貌都是发育在红层基础上的侵蚀地貌,都有显著的红色陡崖坡,但受控于区域地质构造、物质基础、及主导外营力等因素的差异,两地具体的地貌特征并不完全一致。美国西部红层主要形成于三叠纪和侏罗纪,红层堆积的构造环境为大型弧后盆地,沉积环境复杂多变,以陆相为主,尤以风沙沉积最为典型,岩性以细砂—粉砂岩和泥岩为主,砾岩很少,主导外营力为流水下切,红层发育的地貌类型相对单一,总体以高原—峡谷景观为主。中国东南部丹霞地貌区的红层多形成于白垩纪,构造环境为内陆中小型断陷/拗陷盆地,沉积环境全部为陆相,以粗碎屑混杂堆积为主,主导外营力以流水冲刷侧蚀为主,发育的地貌类型较为多样,整体以簇群式峰丛—峰林景观为主。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
潘志新
任舫
彭华
关键词 红层丹霞地貌美国西部中国东南部对比研究 
Abstract

The western United States and southeastern China, featured by landscapes of red cliffs, are major distribution regions of red beds in the world. It is of great value to make a comparative study on red beds and landform development in these two regions. Based on geologic literature analysis and field investigation, this study summarizes the distribution, age, geologic background, lithology, and geomorphic features of red beds in the western United States. Then, a comparison with Danxia landform in southeast China was conducted. It reveals that red bed landform in the western United States and Danxia landform in southeast China are erosional landform developed on red beds, with red cliffs as a remarkable geomorphic feature. However, due to differences in regional geologic background, material basis, and the dominant exogenic force, specific geomorphic features in these two areas are not exactly the same. Red beds in the western United States were mainly deposited in a huge back-arc basin during the period from Triassic to Jurassic. Although depositional environment for these red beds are complex, most of them are continental deposits, especially eolian deposit. In terms of lithology, the majority of red beds in the western United States are composed of fine-grained sandstones, siltstones or mudstones, with very few conglomerates. In terms of geomorphic development of red beds in this region, the downcutting process by flowing streams has been playing a dominant role, creating relatively simple red bed landform types that are characterized by a geomorphic combination of plateau and canyons. As for Danxia landform in southeast China, red beds were deposited in Cretaceous in small and medium-sized rift basins or depression basins. They are all continental deposits, mainly composed of coarse-grained clastic rocks. In aspect of landform development, the controlling exogenic factor is lateral erosion by streams, which produces various types of red bed landforms, with peak clusters and hoodoos as overall landscape feature.

Key wordsred beds    Danxia landform    western United States    southeastern China    comparative study
收稿日期: 2018-06-10      出版日期: 2018-12-24
基金资助:海南省自然科学基金项目(417095);国家自然科学基金项目(41761002)
引用本文:   
潘志新, 任舫, 彭华 . 美国西部红层地貌发育及与中国东南部丹霞地貌的对比[J]. 地理研究, 2018, 37(12): 2399-2410.
PAN Zhixin, REN Fang, PENG Hua . Development of red bed landform in the western United States and a comparison with Danxia landform in southeast China[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2018, 37(12): 2399-2410.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/dlyj201812003      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I12/2399
Fig. 1  美国西部红层分布简图
Fig. 2  美国科罗拉多高原西南部“大阶梯”构造简图和地层柱状图
Fig. 3  白垩纪期间北美大陆形成的西部内陆海道
地层剖面 岩性组 岩性段 岩性特征
Temple Cap组 ① White Throne段 具交错层理的风成相白色/淡黄色砂岩
② Sinawava段 河流、潮滩相的红色砂岩、粉砂岩和泥岩
Navajo组 ③ White段 具交错层理的风成相白色/淡黄色砂岩
④ Pink段 具交错层理的风成相粉红色砂岩
⑤ Brown段 具交错层理的风成相褐红色砂岩
Kayenta组 ⑥ Tenney Canyon Tongue段 河/湖相的红色砂岩和泥质粉砂岩
⑦ Lamb Point Tongue段 具交错层理的风成相白色/淡黄色砂岩
⑧ Main Body段 河/湖相的红色砂岩和泥质粉砂岩
⑨ Springdale段 河流相红色砂岩
Moenave组 ⑩ Whitmore Point段 河/湖相的红色砂岩和泥质粉砂岩
Tab. 1  Zion国家公园Zion峡谷南段入口附近的地层剖面
Fig. 4  大规模风沙沉积形成的Navajo砂岩及交错层理
Fig. 5  正交偏光20倍镜下Navajo组砂岩White段(左)、Pink段(中)、Brown段(右)岩样的碎屑结构和胶结特性
Fig. 6  美国西部红层地貌主要考察点典型地貌
a. 国会礁国家公园Waterpocket褶曲;b. 丹佛红石公园的红层单面山;c. 布莱斯峡谷国家公园的针状峰丛—峰林;d. 峡谷地国家公园The Needles区的岩柱群;e. 大峡谷国家公园的多级侵蚀面;f. Zion峡谷俯瞰;g. 羚羊峡Navajo砂岩被流水侵蚀切割形成的巷谷;h. 塞多纳的的红层方山和孤峰;i. 纪念碑谷地的孤峰;j. 地下水基部侵蚀形成的额状洞穴;k. 阿切斯国家公园的标志——精致拱;l. 泽恩国家公园Grotto山密集的垂直节理和尖锐的崖壁边缘棱角。
对比项目 多年日平均气温(℃) 多年平均降水量(mm) 极端最高温/最低温(℃) 多年平均径流总量(m3 多年平均流量(m3/s)
Zion公园 16.8 411 46/-26 0.97×108 2.8
丹霞山 19.7 1715 40.9/-5.4 18.88×108 45.1
Tab. 2  Zion国家公园和丹霞山气候和水文数据对比
[1] 彭华. 中国南方湿润区红层地貌及相关问题探讨. 地理研究, 2011, 30(10): 1739-1752.http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dlyj201110001 [Peng Hua.Perspectives on the red beds landforms in humid area of southern China and some related problems. Geographical Research, 2011, 30(10): 1739-1752.]
[2] Walker T R.Formation of red beds in modern and ancient deserts. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1967, 78(3): 353-368.https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsabulletin/article/78/3/353-368/6176
[3] Van Houten F B. Iron oxides in red beds. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1968, 79(4): 399-416.https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsabulletin/article/79/4/399-416/6319
[4] Van Houten F B. Origin of red beds: A review: 1961-1972. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, 2003, 1(1): 39-61.http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.ea.01.050173.000351
[5] 李廷勇, 王建力. 中国的红层及发育的地貌类型. 四川师范大学学报: 自然科学版, 2002, 25(4): 427-431.http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/scsfdxxb200204029 [Li Tingyong, Wang Jianli.Chinese red beds and developing landforms. Journal of Sichuan Normal University: Natural Science, 2002, 25(4): 427-431.]
[6] 彭华, 潘志新, 闫罗彬, . 国内外红层与丹霞地貌研究述评. 地理学报, 2013, 68(9): 1170-1181.http://www.cqvip.com/QK/90059X/201309/47125045.html [Peng Hua, Pan Zhixin, Yan Luobin, et al.A review of the research on red beds and Danxia landform. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68(9): 1170-1181.]
[7] Young R, Young W, Young A. Sandstone Landforms.London: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
[8] Sweet D E, Soreghan G S.Late paleozoic tectonics and paleogeography of the ancestral front range: Structural, stratigraphic, and sedimentologic evidence from the fountain formation: Manitou Springs, Colorado. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 2010, 122(3/4): 575-594.https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsabulletin/article/122/3-4/575-594/125533
DOI: 10.1130/B26554.1     
[9] Jordan O D, Mountney N P.Styles of interaction between aeolian, fluvial and shallow marine environments in the Pennsylvanian to Permian lower Cutler beds, southeast Utah, USA. Sedimentology, 2010, 57(5): 1357-1385.http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3091.2010.01148.x/full
[10] Duffield J A.Depositional environments of the Hermit Formation, Central Arizona. Flagstaff: Master Dissertation of Northern Arizona University, 1985.
[11] Blakey R C, Middleton L T.Permian shoreline eolian complex in Central Arizona: Dune changes in response to cyclic sealevel changes. Developments in Sedimentology, 1983, 38: 551-581.http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0070457108708136
[12] Walker T R, Larson E E, Hoblitt R P.Nature and origin of hematite in the Moenkopi Formation (Triassic), Colorado Plateau: A contribution to the origin of magnetism in red beds. Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 1981, 86(B1): 317-333.http://doi.wiley.com/10.1029/JB086iB01p00317
[13] Blakey R C, Gubitosa R.Controls of sandstone body geometry and architecture in the Chinle Formation (Upper Triassic), Colorado Plateau. Sedimentary Geology, 1984, 38(1-4): 51-86.http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0037073884900745
[14] Clemmense L B, Olsen H, Blakey R C.Erg-margin deposits in the Lower Jurassic Moenave Formation and Wingate Sandstone, southern Utah. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1989, 101(6): 759-773.https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsabulletin/article/101/6/759-773/182291
[15] Fossen H, Schultz R A, Torabi A.Conditions and implications for compaction band formation in the Navajo Sandstone, Utah. Journal of Structural Geology, 2011, 33(10): 1477-1490.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0191814111001246
[16] Bown T M, Hasiotis S T, Genise J F, et al.Trace fossils of hymenoptera and other insects and paleoinveronments of the Claron Formation (Paleocene and Eocene), Southwestern Utah US. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1997, 2153: 41-58.
[17] Morris T H, Ritter S M, Laycock D P.Geology unfolded: An Illustrated Guide to the Geology of Utah's National Parks. Provo: Brigham Young University Press, 2010.
[18] Beaumont C, Quinlan G M, Stockmal G S.The evolution of the Western Interior Basin: Causes, consequences and unsolved problems. Evolution of the Western Interior Basin: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper, 1993, 39: 97-117.
[19] Schweickert R A, Bogen N L, Girty G H, et al.Timing and structural expression of the Nevadan orogeny, Sierra Nevada, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1984, 95(8), 967-979.https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsabulletin/article/95/8/967-979/203033
[20] Blakey R C, Peterson F, Kocurek G.Synthesis of late Paleozoic and Mesozoic eolian deposits of the Western Interior of the United States. Sedimentary Geology, 1988, 56(1): 3-125.http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0037073888900504
[21] Wright E K.Stratification and paleocirculation of the late cretaceous western interior seaway of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1987, 99(4): 480-490.https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsabulletin/article/99/4/480-490/186600
[22] Rice D D, Shurr G W.Patterns of sedimentation and paleogeography across the Western Interior Seaway during time of deposition of Upper Cretaceous Eagle Sandstone and equivalent roks, northern Great Plains. In: Reynolds M W, Dolly E D. Mesozoic Paleogeography of the West-Central United States: Rocky Mountain Section, SEPM, 1983: 337-358.http://archives.datapages.com/data/rocky_sepm/data/011/011001/337_rocky_mount110337.htm
[23] English J M, Johnston S T.The laramide orogeny: What were the driving forces?. International Geology Review, 2004, 46(9): 833-838.https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.2747/0020-6814.46.9.833
[24] Biek R F, Willis G C, Hylland M D, et al.Geology of Zion National Park, Utah. In: Sprinkel D A, Chidsey T C, Anderson P B. Geology of Utah's Parks and Monuments. Utah Geological Association Publication, 2000, 28: 107-138.
[25] Surdam R C, Jiao Z S, MacGowan D B. Redox reactions involving hydrocarbons and mineral oxidants: A mechanism for significant porosity enhancement in sandstones. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 1993, 77(9): 1509-1518.http://aapgbull.geoscienceworld.org/content/83/4/672
[26] Beitler B, Chan M A, Parry W T.Bleaching of Jurassic Navajo Sandstone on Colorado Plateau Laramide highs: Evidence of exhumed hydrocarbon supergiants?. Geology, 2003, 31(12): 1041-1044.https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/geology/article/31/12/1041-1044/29170
DOI: 10.1130/G19794.1     
[1] 翁时秀,闫罗彬,王华. 以综合思维引领丹霞地貌与旅游地理研究创新——彭华先生的地理学思想与学术贡献[J]. 地理研究, 2018, 37(12): 2411-2419.
[2] 彭华. 中国南方湿润区红层地貌及相关问题探讨[J]. 地理研究, 2011, 30(10): 1739-1752.
[3] 葛云健, 张忍顺, 杨桂山. 丝绸之路中国段佛教石窟差异性 及其与丹霞地貌的关系[J]. 地理研究, 2007, 26(6): 1087-1096.
[4] 童绍玉, 蔡运龙, 李双成. 云南省楚雄市与双柏县土地利用变化对比研究[J]. 地理研究, 2006, 25(3): 397-405.
[5] 杨载田. 徐霞客对我国丹霞地貌旅行考察的贡献——纪念徐霞客逝世360周年[J]. 地理研究, 2000, 19(4): 429-436.
[6] 刘勇, 毛汉英. 中外区域政策对比研究[J]. 地理研究, 1995, 14(4): 51-61.
[7] 周秉根, 吴莉淳. 休宁白垩系红层盆地的沉积特征和地貌发育[J]. 地理研究, 1992, 11(1): 23-29.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理研究》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn