地理研究 ›› 1982, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (3): 11-20.doi: 10.11821/yj1982030002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村聚落地理研究——以江苏省为例

金其铭   

  1. 南京师范学院地理系
  • 出版日期:1982-09-15 发布日期:1982-09-15

THE GEOGRAPHIC STUDY OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS——TAKING JIANGSU PROVINCE AS AN EXAMPLE

Jin Qiming   

  1. Department of Geography, Nanjing Teachers' College
  • Online:1982-09-15 Published:1982-09-15

摘要: 农村聚落的聚、散、规模、结构与土地利用有密切的关系,是人类利用和改造自然的产物。本文以江苏省为例,讨论了制约农村聚落类型的自然环境、交通、生活用水、耕作远近等因素,分析了江苏省农村聚落类型,编制了江苏省农村聚落类型分布图,将江苏省农村聚落划分为九个类型。

Abstract: Rural settlements are not only the content of the study of settlement geography, but also a constitutional part of the research of agricultural geography. It is one of the criterion of the areal differentiation of agricultural production and has close relation with the land utilization projects. Owing to the rise of the standard of living, the newly built farmhouses have now enlarged the rural settlements and have decreased the area of cultivation. The study of the geography of rural settlements will be useful to the planning of land use and the allocation of settlements so as to show the interrelationship between the settlements and their physical economical environments, thus to provide ideas for the form and size of settlements in accordance with their different characteristics. The formation and distribution of rural settlements are closely related with the physical environment, communication facility, water supply extent of cultivated lands and other social-economic conditions.They are the synthetic results of various factors.The rural settlements of Kiangsu province show distinctly their regional differentiation.The author here has divided them into nine patterns according to their forms, sizes, densities, limit of cultivated area, as well as their related physical environments, occupied space and house structure etc.There are clear and sometimes transitional boundaries between all these nine patterns which can be seen in the maps attached in the Chinese text. The nine patterns are.1. the Xuzhon and Haizhon Plain2. the Huaiyin plain3. the South Kiangsu Plain4. the Hilly lands5. the Mountainous Areas6. the Lake Areas7. the Coastal Areas8. the High Sandy Regions'and Enclosed Basins (圩).