地理研究 ›› 1982, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (3): 55-65.doi: 10.11821/yj1982030006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

辽东山地气象要素垂直分布与垂直农、林带

毕伯钧   

  1. 辽宁省本溪气象台
  • 出版日期:1982-09-15 发布日期:1982-09-15

THE VERTICAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF THE METEOROLO-GICAL ELEMENTS AND THE VERTICAL ZONES OF AGRICULTURE AND FOREST IN THE MOUNTAINOUS REGION OF EAST LIAONING PROVINCE

Bi Bojun   

  1. Benxi Meteorological Observatory, Liaoning Province
  • Online:1982-09-15 Published:1982-09-15

摘要: 本文通过两次山地气象要素垂直梯度观测,初步得出辽东山地气象要素垂直分布规律。山地气候的特点主要表现在温度、降水与湿度和光照等气象要素随海拔的增高而发生的变化,再加上坡向、坡度等地形影响,从而构成复杂的立体气候与相应的立体环状农业结构。本文依据热量、水分等指标确定出作物及熟型的种植界限、柞蚕放养的高度界限及适宜马铃薯高山留种和适宜人参栽培的海拔高度,最后划分出农业带及森林带。

Abstract: In this paper,some regularities of the vertical distributions of the meteorological elements in the mountainous region in East Liaoning were found out by means of the preliminary analysis of twice gradient-observations of the meteorological elements in this mountainous region.The main character of the climates in this mountainous region is the changes of temperature, precipitation, sunshine and other meteorological elements with the height.Another character is the influence of geographical conditions such as the slope.and the direction of the mountain slope on these elements.The above characters make up complex three-dimensional climates and correspendent stereo-ringlike agricultural structure. In this paper, the planting height limits of some crops of different ripe-types, the height limits of tussahherd, the heights above sea level on which the seed of potato may grow and the ginseng may be planted were obtained on the basis of the heat-index and the moisture-index.Finally, the author regionalizes the agricultural zone and the forest zone.