地理研究 ›› 1982, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (4): 45-52.doi: 10.11821/yj1982040006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

有关区域地理学若干问題的初探

陈秀容   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-12-15 发布日期:1982-12-15

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON SOME ASPECTS CONCERNING REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY

Chen Siujung   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-12-15 Published:1982-12-15

摘要: 区域地理学在地理学史上长期居重要地位,但是五十年代以后一度衰落.区域性和综合性是地理学的两个特点.区域地理学综合研究赋予区域某种同一性和独特性的相互联系的地理要素.实践中有大量综合性课题涉及区域地理问题,区域地理学应该重新得到重视. 旧的区域地理学已不适应当前形势的要求,应当在现代科学的基础上改造区域地理学.必须(1)坚持区域观点和综合观点;(2)以人地关系作为研究核心;(3)以论题研究为主要形式;(4)应用计量方法,建立多种模式,进行系统分析.充分利用先进的技术手段和科学的方法,以促进区域地理研究工作的现代化.

Abstract: 1. Regional Geography had an important position for a long period in the history of geography. But since the 1950s regional geography has seldom been studied. The writer considers that its causes are as follows; first, science has splitted up increasingly, systematic geography has developed fast, yet synthetic research work is relatively weak; secondly, there are weakness and difficulties in studying regional geography,2. Geography has two most prominent characteristics, regionalism and synthesis. The high synthesis of the interaction between man and land on the basis of regions is unique to geography,In this sense, the main characteristic of geography is shown mostly in regional geography.Regional geography synthetically deals with the interrelated geographical elements which give certain commonness and uniqueness to the region. There are a lot of synthetic problems concerning regional geography in practice.Regional geography should play the role it should do. In order to develop geography completely, it is necessary to rejuvenate regional geography.3.The old regional geography can't meet the needs of today's situation, we should reform regional geography on the basis of modern science.(1) Persistng in the Regional and Synthetic View.The important facts and characteristics of geography within a region should be comprehensively explored with an synthetic eye.Every element and part of a region should be understood thoroughly.On this basis the synthesis on a higher level can be made.(2) Taking Man and Land Relationship as the Research CoreThe theory of man and land relationship of today has been further devel-oped than before. How to coordinate the relationship between man and nature has become the important aim of geography. Geography studies the areal systems of man and land relationship.According to certain indexes,the areal systems on the earth surface can be divided into regions with different sizes, and the man and land relationship within these regions is the research core of regional geography.( 3 ) Taking Topical Study as the Main FormOn the basis of a comprehensive study of a region,some prominent aspects within a region which belong to man and land relationship and reflect the characteristic of the region would be selected and studied thoroughly. The geographical background and the associated elements that caused some problems would be focused and stated. How to impel and turn these problems to benefit human society -would be discussed.(4) Applying Quantitative Method, Constructing Various Models and Making System AnalysisWe should make full use of the modern techniques and means and scientific methods in regional geography, thus promoting the modernization of the research work of regional geography.