地理研究 ›› 1983, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (3): 73-86.doi: 10.11821/yj1983030008
• 综述 •
Abstract: This paper reviewed the investigations on the ice and snow covers in the Northern and the Southern Hemisphere and compared the cover areas obtained by different authors. It shows that the areas calculated from more accurate satellite data set are generally in accord with other series constructed on the basis of naked observations (Table 1).The trend in the long-period variations of sea ice cover was studied in relation to the warming trend for the period from 1920S to 1940S, and to the cooling trend during 1960S in the Northern Hemisphere (Fig.2 and Fig.3).The variations of ice cover areas in the Northern and the Southern Hemisphere show great discrepancy. It is noted that recently the arctic sea-ice area has somewhat increased while the antarctic ice is in consistent decreaseIt indicated that large interannual fluctuations were observed in the snow cover area variations in the Northern Hemisphere, especially over Eurasia, the range between the maximum (1978) and the minimum (1970)accounts for about 20% of the normal.It has long been recognized that after a heavy sea-ice year the general atmospheric circulation and climate act in considerablly different way from that after a light sea-ice year. This relationship was proved recently by synoptical studies and numerical experiments. It must stress that the climatic conditions at high northern latitudes in autumn has a significant influence on the winter sea-ice cover, which is illustrated in Fig.6.
王绍武. 冰雪覆盖与气候变化[J]. 地理研究, 1983, 2(3): 73-86.
Wang Shaowu. GLOBAL ICE-SNOW COVER AND CLIMATIC CHANGES[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 1983, 2(3): 73-86.
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