地理研究 ›› 1983, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (4): 72-83.doi: 10.11821/yj1983040008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

历史时期中国造纸业的分布与变迁

李为   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1982-04-02 修回日期:1983-03-03 出版日期:1983-12-15 发布日期:1983-12-15

THE DISTRIBUTION AND CHANGES OF CHINA’S PAPER INDUSTRY IN DIFFERENT HISTORICAL PERIODS

Li Wei   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1982-04-02 Revised:1983-03-03 Online:1983-12-15 Published:1983-12-15

摘要: 本文论述了自汉代发明造纸术以来,我国造纸业的分布及其变迁。指出随着政治经济中心的地理转移,造纸业发生明显的地理变迁。原料、燃料、水源的分布与保证程度及交通条件等也是主要的影响因素。

Abstract: Papermaking technique was invented in the Han Dynasty ("Caihou Paper" was made in 105 A.D.) and originated in the Huanghe River basin.In the period from wei of the Three Kindoms to the Tsin Dynasty and the Southern and Northern Dynasty (220-580 A.D.),paper industry was mainly distributed in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces.In the Sui and Tang Dynasties (581-907 A.D.) paper industry was unprecedentedly prosperous.There were official and private paper mills almost all over the country.In 1840-1949 as China was reduced to semi-feudal and semi-colonial society,paper industry was transferred mainly to the coastal areas such as Shanghai,the southern part of the Northeast region,Taiwan etc.Since the founding of the People's Republic of China the distribution of paper industry has been developing harmoniously and rationally.In a word,the distribution and changes of China's paper industry depend on political,economic and geographical factors.The geographic changes of paper industry often varied obviously with the geographic transfer of politiacl and economic centers.Of course,the distribution and changes also depend on the dispersion and availability of raw materials,fuel and water source,as well as on transport conditions.