地理研究 ›› 1984, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 96-101.doi: 10.11821/yj1984010014

• 纪念竺可祯同志逝世十周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理学与模糊数学

李钜章   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1982-10-05 修回日期:1983-04-28 出版日期:1984-03-15 发布日期:1984-03-15

GEOGRAPHY AND FUZZY MATHEMATICS

Li Juzhang   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1982-10-05 Revised:1983-04-28 Online:1984-03-15 Published:1984-03-15

摘要: 电子计算机的出现,开始了一个人类智力增强和延长的新纪元。这对地理学来说,可能有着特别的意义。因为至少:(1)现代最显著的信息泛滥是卫星资料,而这些资料大部分首先是地理信息。地理学者仅靠人脑已经不能充分运用这些已有的而且还在不断大量涌来的信息,运用电子计算机研究地学问题已是摆在地理学工作者面前的课题。(2)地理学是一门综合性的基础学科;一个地理学家应当具有广博的知识。

Abstract: Geography is a branch of comprehensive basic science. In geoscience the problems are so complex and multivariable that we need wide knowledge and a wealth of data to study them from many sides and various angles. So it is necessary to have an aid of a computer in the research. But at the same time it also makes a lot of problems uncertain and difficult to be solved by traditional mathematics.Fuzzy mathematics is a new branch of mathematics, which is a useful means to resolve the uncertain issues, like a bridge leading from qualitative to quantitative way.Obviously, since geography has a great number of fuzzy concepts and fuzzy logics, so fuzzy mathematics will be useful in the near future at least in concept-definition, synthetical evaluation, classification and regionalization, genetic analysis,paleo-environmental analysis, remote sensing,informational interpretation as well as in macroscopic analysis.