地理研究 ›› 1984, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (4): 1-11.doi: 10.11821/yj1984040001

• 论文 •    下一篇

青藏高原高硼卤水的水化学特征及其成因

吴俐俐1, 马文展1, 唐渊2   

  1. 1. 武汉化工学院;
    2. 中国科学院盐湖研究所
  • 收稿日期:1982-06-30 修回日期:1984-04-24 出版日期:1984-12-15 发布日期:1984-12-15

ON THE WATER-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND FORMATIVE CONDITIONS OF HIGH-BORON BRINE IN QINGHAI-XIZANG PLATEAU

Wu Lili1, Ma Wenzhang1, Tang Yuan2   

  1. 1. Wu Han Institute of Chemical Engineering;
    2. Institute of Saline Lakes, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1982-06-30 Revised:1984-04-24 Online:1984-12-15 Published:1984-12-15

摘要: 本文就青藏高原高硼卤水的分布、水化学特征、硼与共生元素的相关性及硼矿沉积的某些规律作了阐述,进而探讨了高硼卤水的成因。

Abstract: This paper deals with distributive regularity of brine with high-boron content (B2O3 is higher than 400 mg/1). This paper is based on the data of more than 90 saline lakes obtained from Qinghai-Xizang field obtervations and laboratory studies.The component,water-chemical properties and formative con-ditiont of the brine are also discussed in this paper. It has been discovered that boron not only coexists with Li+,K+,Mg2+,but also is well interrelated to them; but then, the content of boron is inversely proportionate to that of magnestium in carbonate-type's brine. The reason why there is difference of water-chemical components between the brine of Chaidamu Basin and Northern-Xizang is explained here. We also inquired into the material source of the brine rich in B3+, Li+, K+, R+, Cs+, F+, As3+, and the contributing factors of high-boron brine.