地理研究 ›› 1984, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (4): 104-110.doi: 10.11821/yj1984040010

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

十六世纪以来广东气候的变化

谢焕强   

  1. 广州师范学院地理系
  • 收稿日期:1988-10-05 修回日期:1981-03-20 出版日期:1984-12-15 发布日期:1984-12-15

CLIMATIC CHANGES IN GUANGDONG PROVINCE SINCE 16TH CENTURY

Hsieh Huanjiang   

  1. Department of Geography, Guangzhou Normal Institute
  • Received:1988-10-05 Revised:1981-03-20 Online:1984-12-15 Published:1984-12-15

摘要: 本文对十六世纪以来广东省气候和未来气候趋势进行了初步探讨。

Abstract: In this paper, natural calamities recorded in literatures and modern meteorological observation data are adopted to study the climatic changes of Guangdong province during the 16-20th century and its tendeney in the future climate.During the recent 500 years, the history of the climate of Guangdong province can be divided into 4 cold periods (-1537 year, 1636-1729 year, 1831-1894 year and 1950-now) and 3 warm periods (1538-1633 year, 1730-1830 year and 1895-1949 year). They are shown in the table, The coldest periods were 1636-1729 and 1831-1894, There ware two cold periods, the cold period of the 17th century was the longest, with a duration of 93 years. And the other cold period occurred in the 19th century, which continued for 63 years. It was colder than that of the 17th century.In the 3 warm periods, the warm period of the 20th century is the warmest, in addition, the cold period of the 20th century (modern climate) is warmer than that of the l6-19th century.The climate of Guangdong was dry in the 16-17th century and was humid in the 18-19th century. The climate now is more humid than the 16-19th century and similar to the climate in the 18th century. It is possible that the climate of Guangdong will become warmer by the coming century.In the winter seasons at present, the lowest temperature was raised by 3.2℃, and the January mean temperature was raised by 1,8℃ approximately higher than that of the 16-19th century.