地理研究 ›› 1985, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (1): 95-102.doi: 10.11821/yj1985010012

• 地理学史 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地理研究所(1940—1949年)纪略

高泳源   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1983-04-14 修回日期:1984-05-16 出版日期:1985-03-15 发布日期:1985-03-15

A BRIEF REVIEW OF CHINESE INSTITUTE OF GEOGRAPHY IN 1940-1949

Gao Yongyuan   

  1. The Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1983-04-14 Revised:1984-05-16 Online:1985-03-15 Published:1985-03-15

摘要: 本文简述了前中国地理研究所的十年(1940—1949年)历史,尤着重于其研究成果的介绍。

Abstract: The Chinese Institute of Geography was founded in 1940 at Beipei, Chongqing, Sichuan province.It moved to Nanjing in 1947 and was closed in 1949. Within the decade (1940-1949), it carried out investigations of the eastern part of the Sichuan Basin, the Hanzhong Basin, the Gansu province, the Qinghai province and the Xinjiang province, and also made short-terra oceano-graphical observation along the Dongshan Island, Fujian province. Among the seven or eight scientific results that the Institute has published, "Report on the Geographical Survey of the Jialingjiang Drainage Basin" is noted by its spciailty.For instance, the chapters of "The Channel Geomorphology of the Jialingjiang" and "The Settlement and Its Population" and so on, are rich in contents and rather penetrating in observation. "Report on the Geographical Investigation of the Hanzhong Basin"is marked by its integrity and distinctness in the elucidation of the relationships between nature and human life, and also in the delineation of its geographic chracteristics. They are really fine records of regional geography, "The Economical Atlas of Sichuan Province" is the first such atlas in China with rather complete divisions and subdivisions and in an adequate way of illustration. The three publications above-mentioned have made contributions to the development of modern geography in China In addition, six volumes of "Geography" quarterly were published too, at that time.