• 论文 •

### 试论能源基地的类型及其综合发展

1. 中国科学院地理研究所
• 收稿日期:1984-01-25 修回日期:1984-07-28 出版日期:1985-06-15 发布日期:1985-06-15

### DEALING WITH THE DIVISION OF THE PATTERNS OF ENERGY BASIS AND ITS COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT

Liang Renchai

1. Instrtute of Geography, Academia sinica
• Received:1984-01-25 Revised:1984-07-28 Online:1985-06-15 Published:1985-06-15

Abstract: An energy base is produced to suit the development of productive force. It is a form of territorial combinations of new energy production which are engendered on the basis of territorial division in social labour. Generally, it is a region that has a quite big scale of energy resources and products and can provide other regions with a large number of energy products or processing products of energy.The regional scopes of energy bases are different,Some energy bases are made up by a centre of a big coal mine, a large oil field or a big water power station,The regional scopes of these energy bases are equal to a district of industry and mine or an industrial city of energy The super large bases of energy are composed of coneentrative region in energy,It consists of several big coal mines, oil fields or terraced water power stations that are in neighbour hood and are linked together and are also suitably unified planning The regional scopes of those energy bases may include a large part of the country According to the inner structure of production and the degree of comprehensive development in economy of energy bases, they can be divided into three types. (1) The unitary bases of energy which mainly develop energy and export energy, and whose processing industry is fairly backward. (2) The energy bases that mainly exploit energy and have a certain number of processing industry, and whose comprehensive development is in the stage of being formed and being perfected. (3) The energy bases whose economy develops comprehensively.Generally, the energy base which is developed comprehensively has basic characteristics as follows. (1) It has a large number of cheap fuel and power. (2) Energy industry is both the constitutional core and specialized department of production which in the is lead,The prosperity and decline of bases have a great deal to do with the development of energy industry; (3) The enterprises which are produced in the bases are the combination on using commonly fuel power bases and processing comprehensively the product of energy industry and using infrastructures of the basis in common,The linkage between these productive departments is close.In comprehensive development of energy bases, the main problem which needs to be studied and resolved is, first, the determination of the direction in comprehensive development of energy bases, second, selecting the positions of concrete items and distributing them reasonably,In developing energy bases comprehensively, it is necessary to develop the superiority of that region according to concrete conditions which are different and form reasonable stru-tures of economy which are of different characteristics The industrial location of energy bases should be convenient to production and people's life. When paying attention to dispersion of industrial distribution in a large area, it is necessary to concentrate properly in some centres and to distribute industrial enterprises in groups. Meanwhile, attention should be paid to arrange suitably light industry and heavy industry, and to keep the proportion of male to female in balance.