地理研究 ›› 1985, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 1-9.doi: 10.11821/yj1985040001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国八大区的人口增长、经济发展和经济圈规划

胡焕庸   

  1. 华东师范大学人口研究所
  • 收稿日期:1984-09-28 修回日期:1985-03-26 出版日期:1985-12-15 发布日期:1985-12-15

POPULATION GROWTH IN CHINA'S EIGHT MAJOR REGIONS AND PROGRAM FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC ZONES

Hu Huanyong   

  1. Population Research Institute of East China Normal University
  • Received:1984-09-28 Revised:1985-03-26 Online:1985-12-15 Published:1985-12-15

摘要: 作者划分全国为八个人口大区,对各大区的人口分布特点、人口和经济发展的关系,人口与经济区规划的特点作一中观经济学的理论和现实分析.

Abstract: Vast in territorial expanse and with different conditions of physical geography across the land, China shows great unevenness in the distribution of population and resourcer.The whole country is divided into eight major population regions.The Liaoning-Jilin-Heilongjiang Region is represented as an area with higher mechanical growth rates in population development, greater population-bearing capacity, and substantial potential for accomodating immigrants. The Lower Huanghe Region is given credit for being the cradle of Chinese civilization, where, in spite of its poorness in water resources, a flourishing population has been maintained since ancient times. The Middle-Lower Changjiang Region is noted for its abundant natural resources, by which the maximum load of population is sustained. The Southeast Coastal Region is shown to be the home country of tens of millions of overseas Chinese, the "Gold Coast" in which lie China's first four special economic zones, and a window opening to the outside world, the population development being connected with these conditions. The Sichuan-Guizhou-Yunnan Region is characterized by its unevenness in population distribution, epitomizing the distribution of China's population as a whole; for example, in Sichuan 50% of its land supports 96% of its population and in Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces the numerous small plains, which support 90% of the population, account for barely 1% of the region in area, and again the Chengdu plain of Sichuan with only 1.1% of the province' area has a population density of over 800 people per sq km,higher than the densities in the Changjiang and Zhujiang deltas where the levels of resources are almost as high a,s in Chengdu, hence the region can be regarded as creating a wonder in sustainig superhingh densities with limited resources. In the Shanxi-Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Region, where population development has reached its saturation point in consideration of the population-bearing capacity of the agricultural resources, the loess plateaus suffer great loss of water and soil, causing people there to have a low standard of living and peas- ants' consumption level to be the Jowest (except in the Qinghai-Xizang Region), but this region has great potentialities in industrial resources, its coal reserves coming first on the national list. The Mongol-Xinjiang and Qinghai-Xizang Regions are characterized by their national minorities in clusters, sp-arseness of population, richness in energy resources (esp. oil and coal), and cultivable land resources.Considerable space has been left for the analysis of chain relations between population and economic development in the Liaoning-Jilin-Heilongjiang Region. History of local population development shows that in 1953 the region had a population of 43.75 mil, accounting for 7.4% of the national total,that in 1982, 91.31 mil, or 9.03% of the national total, and that during this period the population increased by 110%, the weighted growth being 1.64% on a nationwide basis.The region has 247.18 mil mu of arable land resources, of which Liaoniing takes 22.8%, Jilin 24.6%, and Hailongjiang 52.6%. Heilongjiang has a lot of rain, and after meeting the needs of 130 mil mu of arable land, it has a balance of 4,400 milmu of water resources. It is the most ideal place in China to be repeopled with a certain size of immigrants.Since the Liberation in 1949 the population in the region has increased by 110%, the gross industrial product by 405%,the agricultural product by 390%, and the total grain yield by 150%.In industry the region stands out in the complete range of types and categories, in the rationalization of placement, in the advanced technology, and in the high rate of development.In 1982 the region's yield of raw coal reached 100 mil tons, making up 15.11% of the national total, and ranking third among the eight regions; of crude oil 59.1862 mil tons, accounting for 57.96% and ranking first on a national basis;of electricity 56,100 mil kwh,holding 17.13% and the third place on the national list, With regard to transportatio.