地理研究 ›› 1985, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 80-83.doi: 10.11821/yj1985040011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

学习呂炯教授热爱祖国、勇于进取的精神

李克让, 王德辉, 陈永申, 张丕远   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1985-12-15 发布日期:1985-12-15

LEARN FROM PROFESSOR LU JIONG ON HIS SPIRITS OF LOVING THE MOTHERLAND AND SCIENTIFIC CAUSES

  • Online:1985-12-15 Published:1985-12-15

摘要: 呂炯教授(1902-1985)是中国著名的气象学家,在襄助竺可帧教授开创我国的气象事业中,在组织、发展中国的气象学,海洋气象学、农业气象学、古气候学,气候学研究等方面作出了显著的贡献.他是一位深受我国气象、海洋、农业和地理界尊敬的老前辈.他的逝世对我国科学事业是一大损失.悼念吕炯教授莫过于从他遗留下来的精神财富中吸取教益,学习他热爱祖国、热爱科学、勤于思考、善于探索、勇于进取的精神,为祖国的四化建设而努力.

Abstract: Professor Lu Jiong (1902-1985) was a famous Chinese meteorologist. He did a lot of work in assisting Prof. Zhu kezhen to create meteorological causes in China. He made marked contribution to organizing and developing scientific researches of marine meteorology, agrometeorology, paleoclimatology and climate change, climatology and meteorology. At the beginning of 1950's, Prof. Lu Jiong applied the principles of topoclimatology to seeking the regions to plant rubber trees (Hevea Brasiliensis) based on his on the spot investigation and analysis.He first proposed that the rubber trees should be planted in U-shaped-region where opening direction faces to south. This result laid the solid foundation in removing plantation northward of rubber trees successfully in China. In the same period, he first revealed the relationship between sea surface temperature and precipitation. Thisdiscovery suggested a new vital direction for developing the research of long-term weather forecast, climate change and marine meteorology in China. His opinions were also advanced in the world at that time.Prof. Lu was a pioneer in establishing agrometeorolo-gical research units in China. In the research of agrometeorology, he first started to study the climate analysis of ecological features and qualities of wheats in China during 1960's. Prof. Lu studied paleoclimatology and climate change diligently and made greater contributing in these fields in China.We should learn from Prof. Lu Jiong on his spirits of loving the mortherland and scientific causes and dedicate ourselves to realizing the four mordernizations of our country.