地理研究 ›› 1986, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 12-20.doi: 10.11821/yj1986020002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国的地区工业体系问题

李文彦   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1985-07-03 修回日期:1986-02-13 出版日期:1986-06-15 发布日期:1986-06-15

ON THE PROBLEMS OF REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS OF CHINA

Li Wenyan   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1985-07-03 Revised:1986-02-13 Online:1986-06-15 Published:1986-06-15

摘要: 根据我国具体情况,地区工业体系可包括大区——工业地区(基地)——工业中心——工业点四个层次.大区工业体系,华北、东北、华东已基本形成,西南、华中、华南已具雏型,西北处于初始阶段.工业地区(基地)大体可分为资源型、市场型和混合型三种,分别以辽中南、长江三角洲和京津唐三个工业基地为代表.

Abstract: Regional industrial system,in the author's opinion, is an industrialized area with diversified sectorial structure and close techno-economic linkages among the comprising industrial sectors and points, thus forming a territorial industrial integration of a certain level with special features.Under the circumstances of China,for the formation of industrial system of a macro-economic region, five requirements should be met: 1) a relatively integrated sectorial structure, 2) adequately strong economic strength and considerably large consumer market, 3) many an industrial base and a batch of industrial centers, 4) reliable resource base and 5) effective production and management system and organization form.According to these criteria, first-order regional industrial systems has already taken shape in Northeast China, North China and East China, process of formation and basic features of them are discussed respectively.Industrial region (base) is, in essence, the subsystem of a macro-regional industrial system and often acts as the core area of a large economic region.Analyzing existing industrial bases of China, three types of them could be divided:resource-type, market-type and mixed type. The author takes Central and Southern Liaoning, Changjiang Delta and Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan region as examples of these types and makes a brief account of them.