地理研究 ›› 1986, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 81-89.doi: 10.11821/yj1986020010

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖南近七十年来的气温变化特征与水稻生长期低温冷害的联系

叶愈源   

  1. 湖南省气象局
  • 收稿日期:1984-04-08 修回日期:1984-12-18 出版日期:1986-06-15 发布日期:1986-06-15

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEMPERATURE VARIATION AND LOW TEMPERATURE IN THE GROWING SEASON DURING THE RECENT 70 YEARS IN HUNAN PROVINCE

Ye Yuyuan   

  1. Meteorological service of Hunan province
  • Received:1984-04-08 Revised:1984-12-18 Online:1986-06-15 Published:1986-06-15

摘要: 本文应用二项系数平滑方案和谱分析方法对湖南1911-1983年各月和年平均气温进行分析,并对水稻生产的关键月份——4、5、9月气温变化特征及其与“三寒”的低温冷害的联系作了讨论,得出了有益的结果.

Abstract: In this paper, variations of monthly and annual mean temperature of Changsha, Hunan, during the period of 1911-83 are examined by means of the weighted-running-average (binonial coeffcients method) and spectral estimates. Following conclusions have been obtained.1.In the spectra of monthly and annual mean temperature, a significant maximum of harmonic component with a period of about 2-3 years was found.2.From the weighted-running-average curve of temperature it is clear that the recent 70 yesrs' interval can be separated into two stages. During the period from 1911 to 1946, general warming was observed, positive departure was dominated, while in the period from 1947 to 1933 trend changed and coldness prevailed.Meanwhile, some results of the analysis related to rice product are discussed. The monthly mean temperature for April, May and September in Changsha may well represent the cold and warm for the seed-time, and the tillering stage of the early(season)rice and the heading-flowering stage of the late rice respectively. If the monthly temperature in April, May and September is low, heavy damage of rice product will happen. It shows that the heavy low temperature in growing season over Hunan province is a kind of common phenomenon in space and time.