地理研究 ›› 1987, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (1): 10-20.doi: 10.11821/yj1987010002
• 论文 •
Abstract: The first half of this century was a Period in which the Chinese geographical science developed from the ancient traditional geography to modern geography.With modern sdstem the higher teaching of geography set up and developed.This paper gives a brief account of the teaching of geography in Chinese universities during this period.It also attempts to analyze the background to this period.The topic will be discussed in three historical stages. At the first stage, which ran from the very beginning of the century to the May 4th Movement of 1919, the Imperial Examination System (科举制度) was abrogated anb public schools were established. Geography was, for the first time, set upas an independent subject of study in China's institutions of higher learning, such as the to Great Capital School (京师大学堂).The geography lessons taught students at this stage were almost entirely description of different regions. At the second stage, from which spanned the time from the May 4th Movement of 1919 to the beginning of the War of Resistance Against Japan in 1937, modern geography was built up in China. This paper gives emphasis to the development and the characteristics of geography teaching in the geography departments of the Central University,Bei-jing Normal University,Zhong-shan University, Zhe-jiang University and schools of higher learning.The third, running from the end of the War of Resistance Against Japan in 1945 to the founding of the Peoples'Republic of China in 1949,saw workers and teachers of geography trying their best in keeping up the geography teaching.The modernized higher teaching of geography in this half century made a notable advance in its theory, teaching material and methodology.Despite many difficuties and obstacles which hindered the progress of Chinese geography teaching, many Chinese geographic workers and teachers did make important achievements which are worth mentioning and should not be forgotten. And, besides, the present older generation of Chinese geographers were really trained and matured during the period.
熊宁. 本世纪前半叶我国近代地理教育初探[J]. 地理研究, 1987, 6(1): 10-20.
Xiong Ning. A PRIMARY STUDY OF HIGHGR TEACHING OF GEOGRAPHY IN CHINA DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THIS CENTURY[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 1987, 6(1): 10-20.
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