地理研究 ›› 1987, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (3): 81-90.doi: 10.11821/yj1987030011

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外现代景观地理研究的主要发展趋势

王凤慧   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1987-09-15 发布日期:1987-09-15

MAIN TRENDS OF THE DEVELOPMENT IN MODERN LANDSCAPE GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH

Wang Fenghui   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Online:1987-09-15 Published:1987-09-15

摘要: 景观地理是地理学传统的综合研究领域,近年来主要呈现出下列发展趋势:(1)从传统的经验综合走向系统综合;(2)研究方法和手段在不断革新;(3)基础研究的重心开始向景观的动态特征转移;(4)应用研究在进一步加强;(5)景观生态研究迅速发展。这些都标志着景观地理研究正处在一个新的转折和发展时期。

Abstract: Landscape geography as a field of comprehensive geographical research occupies an important place in the system of geographical sciences. Because of the limitations of phenomenology, close and static studies and the backwardness of study methods and techniques, traditional landscape geographical research could not profoundly reveal and explain the essential aspects of landscape features structures, especially dynamics.The research level was relatively low. Since 60's, the theoretical and methodological ideas of modern systematic sciences and ecological sciences have been adopted by landscape geographers, computer, remote sensing and mathematical modelling techniques have been applied in landscape research. These greatly promoted the development of theories and methodology of systematical Synthesis and the improvement of investigation techniques in landscape geography.In recent periods, many landscape geographers pay more attention to landscape dynamics, the experiment investigations at stationary measuring points, in representative model areas and in laboratories were strengthened. Applied landscape research were further developed. Landscape ecology becomes a very active field of landscape research. All the trends mark a significant advance of landscape geography.