地理研究 ›› 1988, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (1): 27-35.doi: 10.11821/yj1988010004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

三江平原沼泽的生态分类

杨永兴   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1986-02-15 修回日期:1986-07-29 出版日期:1988-03-15 发布日期:1988-03-15

ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF MIRE IN THE SANJIANG PLAIN

Yang Yongxing   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Siniea
  • Received:1986-02-15 Revised:1986-07-29 Online:1988-03-15 Published:1988-03-15

摘要: 本文根据生态学原则,采用主成分、聚类制别分析相结合的方法,对三江平原沼泽进行生态分类。将该区沼泽划分为二个沼泽类、四个沼泽亚类和八个沼泽体。并给出了衡量沼泽类型之间差异的数量尺度和对未知类型归类的判别数学模型,并论证了沼泽生态分类应采用的重要指标。

关键词: 三江平源, 沼泽, 分类

Abstract: This paper makes an approach to ecological classification of mire in the Sanjing Plain according to the view of ecology, selecting nine indexes of mire ecosystem, and dy means of principal component analysis, cluster analysis and discriminant analysis.The author considers that the aim of mire classification is to reveal essential properties of mire ecosystem and differences of mire formation and development. We not only try hard to reflect essential dif ferences among mire types, but also make great efforts to explore quantity scale measuring difference among mire types. Mire classification must be accor ding to essential properties of mire ecosystem, which are important elements for flows of energy and material in mire ecosystem.On the basis of classifi-catioh principle and method mentioned above, the mire in the Sanjiang Plain can de grouped into two types (seasonal water-logged mire and perennial water-logged mire), four subtypes and eight dodies.This method is favourable for translating interrelationship of multidimensional space among mires which can't be illustrated in plane, into illustration in twodimen-sional figure, and measuring qualitatively differentiations in mire types and setting up discrimination mathmatics models of classification for unknown types of mire.In addition,the author suggests some indexes of mire eco-elassification. namely microgeomorphological index, vegetation type, clay content of sediment, origanic content, pH of plant residual laver by quantity. The eco-classi-fication has a certain significance in guiding for exploiting and utilizing mire scientifieally.

Key words: Mire, Samjiangplain