地理研究 ›› 1988, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (3): 1-16.doi: 10.11821/yj1988030001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国贫困地区类型划分及开发研究提要报告

姜德华, 张耀光, 杨柳, 侯少范   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1988-05-06 出版日期:1988-09-15 发布日期:1988-09-15

RESEARCHES ON THE CLASSIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF POOR AREA IN CHINA

Jiang Dehua, Zhang Yaoguang, Yang Liu, Hou Shaofan   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Received:1988-05-06 Online:1988-09-15 Published:1988-09-15

摘要: 从区域的角度,将我国贫困地区划分为6大类21个区,并对各类地区的特点,问题和发展方向进行了分析,为我国贫困地区的经济开发规划提供了依据。

关键词: 区域开发, 贫困地区

Abstract: Poverty and development are serious challenges the world faces now.Because of the natural condition, original base and the diffirent situation of the implementation of polices, disequilibrium situation of the country's economy still exists.Some areas have not yet lifted out of poverty.People's eating and wearing problem has not been completely solved.More than 40 million people are very poor in the country.According to the latesi information, there are all together 664 poor counties in China, excluding Tibet which still Jacks material, about 32 percent of the national total.Most of these areas are revolutionary base areas, areas of minorities, border regions, or mountain areas.The counties are classified in terms of the similarity of physical, social, and economic conditions; the similarity of critical obstacles physical, social, or economic to economic development, and development policies implemented. Six divisions and twenty-one subdivisions can be made as follows. (1) Loess Plateau Poor Areas; (2) Border Zone Between Eastern Plain and Western Mountain Areas. (3) Southwest Karst Mountain Areas; (4) Eastern Hill and Mountain Areas. (5) Qinghai-Tibet Mountain Areas; (6) Inner Mongolian-Xing Jiang Dry Areas.

Key words: clissification, poor areas, China