地理研究 ›› 1989, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (1): 50-56.doi: 10.11821/yj1989010006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

台维斯学术思想的继承与突破

高抒   

  1. 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所
  • 收稿日期:1985-09-16 修回日期:1988-05-09 出版日期:1989-03-15 发布日期:1989-03-15

INHERITANCE AND BREAKTHROUGH IN GEOMORPHOLOGICAL THOUGHTS SINCE W. M. DAVIS

Gao Shu   

  1. Second Institue of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administraton
  • Received:1985-09-16 Revised:1988-05-09 Online:1989-03-15 Published:1989-03-15

摘要: 本文回顾了百年来地貌学思想的发展历史,论述了台维斯理论体系对地貌学的贡献及其现实意义,分析了本世纪四十至六十年代地貌学取得突破性进展的原因、特点和标志。

关键词: 台维斯

Abstract: A review of the geomorphoiogical thoughts in the last one hundred years indicates that modern geomorphology has inherited the rational parts of W.M. Davis'theories and, on the other hand, has experienced a revolution in theory framework. Davis proposed his theory framework of Geomorp-hology, i. e., the interpretative description of landforms by structure, process and time, and developed and perfected his theory of erosion cycles in the viewpoint of geomorphic evolution.His evolution viewpoint and his research method of comining deduction with observation hitherto have their realistic significance, Thanks to the impetus by systems theory and oceanic research, a scientific revolution in Geomorphology took place after Davis during late 1940s to early 1960s.Its hallmarks are,(a)the theoretical core of geomorphology has been transferred as a whole from the trinity of structure-process-time to that of morphology-process-timespace;and (b)the old concepta in Davis have been engiven new meaningss, and the study area of geomorphology has been greatly larged.

Key words: W. M. Davis