地理研究 ›› 1989, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (3): 42-50.doi: 10.11821/yj1989030005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

方志和区域研究

陈初才   

  1. 浙江师范大学地理系
  • 收稿日期:1988-01-06 修回日期:1988-03-27 出版日期:1989-09-15 发布日期:1989-09-15

LOCAL RECORDS AND REGIONAL RESEARCHES IN CHINA

Chen Chucai   

  1. Department of Geography, Zhejiang Normal University
  • Received:1988-01-06 Revised:1988-03-27 Online:1989-09-15 Published:1989-09-15

摘要: 我国方志是反映各种区域时空实体的文化载体。方志的演化可分先秦至西汉。东汉至南宋和南宋以后三个时期。与西方方志比较中国方志具有重区内、轻区间;重人文,轻自然和含“天—地—人”的原始系统论等特点。新方志可有资料性、知识性和研究性三种类型。创新方志应该从“方志乃一方全史”说中解脱出来,加强区域研究。

关键词: 方志, 演化, 区域研究

Abstract: The Chinese records are a sort of the ancient cultural heritage,embracing abundant knowlage of geography and history and showing the picture of the regional time and space substance of China.There are three stages in the process of the chiness local records, the 1th period-starting and exploring (from the period before Qin to the western Han Dynasty), the 2nd period-regional records with narration (from the Eastern Han to the Southern Song Dynasty)and the last period-the setting up of patterns (since Southern Song Dynasty)Comparing With the western patterns, the Chinese local records have the following characteristics. 1. attaching importance to the description within the region, neglecting inter-regional research, 2. Paying more attention to human activities than to natural substance, 3. having a sort of the primitive model of thinking "heaven-earth-human" system Three different patterns of the local records may be compiled, traditional data-book, regional encyclopedia and works of regional reseaches.Scholars of local records should first free themselves from the following point of view that "local records are a sort of regional history", assimilate foreign experience and do their researches more carefully, in order that the now local records will play some positive role in record history to envich edu cational material and to be used as a good reference for administration.

Key words: Chinese local records regional time and space substance regional research