地理研究 ›› 1990, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 78-87.doi: 10.11821/yj1990010010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国旅游地理学的回顾与展望

郭来喜1, 保继刚2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所;
    2. 中山大学地理系, 广州
  • 收稿日期:1989-10-15 出版日期:1990-03-15 发布日期:1990-03-15

REVIEW ON CHINESE TOURIST GEOGRAPHY AND ITS PROSPECT

Guo Laixi1, Bao Jigang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography Chinese Academy of Sciencesand State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China;
    2. Department of Geography Zhongshan University Guangzhou
  • Received:1989-10-15 Online:1990-03-15 Published:1990-03-15

摘要: 旅游地理学是研究人类旅行游览、休憩疗养、康乐消遣同地理环境和社会经济发展相互关系的一门科学。在中国古代文献中,朴素的旅游地理记述见诸于诗歌、散文、游记和专著之中。

Abstract: In Chinese ancient literature records of simple tourist geography could be seen in poetry, prose, travel notes and monographs. But systematic scientific study on tourist geography did not start until the end of 1979, with Wu-chuanjun, Guo Laixi, Chen Chuangkang and Yang Guanxiong as its pioneers.For the ten years Passed.Chinese researchers on tourist geography have donea lot of work on resource development and planning for regional tourism. At the same time, a great deal has been achieved on theorical and methodical discussion, qualified personnel training, textbook and works writing. 1. literature Ten main geographical magazines and one tourism magazine are chosen for statistical figures They published 101 papers on tourist geography from 1082 to 1989, among which 71.29% were on rigional planning for development, 18.81% were on theorical and methodical discussion, the others were some summaries and translations.2. Theory and methods There has been progress on the fundamental theory of tourist geography, the evaluation method for tourist resources, the measurement for tourist environmental capacity, the research method for recreation climate study, the theory on tourist spatial behavior, the application of gravity model, the location theory of tourism, the theory and methods for regional tourist development and tourist regional planning.3.Qualified personnel training The traininig of M.S. graduates on tourist geography began in 1932 in China, while that of Ph. D'graduates began in 1986. The first M.S. thesis on tourism was finished in 1984. While the first Ph.D thesis was completed in 1989.Until 1989, China has trained 17 M. S.grduates and 1 Ph. D grduate on torist geography. They graduated from either Peking Uniuresity,or Nan Kai University,or East China Normal University or Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences.4.Textbooks and monographs Till 1988, a set of books on tourist geography have been p.ublished, which includes《Tourist Geography of China》 (two different editions), 《Tourist Geography》 (two different editions), and 《Modern Tourist Geography》etc. There have also been a lot of thesis and readings on regional tourist geography and introductions to tourist resources.At present, China's tourist geography to use a term proposed by Kuhn, is still in a "pre-paradigm" state, the following aspects ought to te emphasized for its further development, a.the ability of applied reaearch, b. research on theory and methods, c. more extensive research on tourist, d. introduction of foreign cbulleauges' research resultsChina is rich in tourist resources. With its extensive tourist market, tourist geography research in china surely has a bright future.