地理研究 ›› 1990, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (4): 6-16.doi: 10.11821/yj1990040004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国省区间工业结构的异同与结构转换的调控途径

侯锋   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1990-01-07 修回日期:1990-08-02 出版日期:1990-12-15 发布日期:1990-12-15

COMPARISON OF INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND APPROACHES TO THE STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT BETWEEN PROVINCES IN CHINA

Hou Feng   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Received:1990-01-07 Revised:1990-08-02 Online:1990-12-15 Published:1990-12-15

摘要: 通过计算分析,本文认为我国省区之间工业部门结构既有趋同性,又存在趋异性;趋同性是基本合理的,而趋异性预示着各省区产业结构进一步调整的方向。我国省区工业结构差异主要发现在综合专业化能力、部门深层结构、结构质量三方面。以此为依据,本文提出了我国省区工业结构转换的调控途径。

关键词: 省区工业结构, 工业结构的趋同性

Abstract: The paper deals with the problem of provincial industrial structure in China,The resemblance of industrial structure among provinces is recently the main characteristic of industrial development in China, The departments of constitutional resemblance are usually the major departments while the departments of dissimilarity are the minor ones in the industrial structure of provinces,The departments of constitutional resemblance includes the following. (1) Raw materials distribute extensively, (2) Products are not suitable for transportation distantly, (3) Products are demanded by the local consumption, (4) Labour force intensive industries, such as food products, textile mill products, machinery, chemical products, construction materials. The departments of constitutional dissimilarity includes the following. (1) Raw materials concentrates locally, (2) investment intensive industries, (3) advanced technique industries, such as metal mining, oil and gas extraction, petroleum refining, chemical fiber, electronic and communication equipment. The resemblance is rational because the decentralization is decided by its location factors, The departments of dissimilarity should be developed in. order to improve specialization among provinces.The main difference of industrial structure among provinces exists in the inner-department, that is, the comprehensive capacity of specialization which represents the scale of the department,the connexion of inner-department and products constitution, the economic efficiemcy of every department.The foundation of rational industrial structure is decided by the rational policy of national industrial location, including. (1) substituting the pattern of province-wide polarization and diffusion for nation-wide pattern of economic development,(2) expanding the production-consumption, cycle of raw material industry in the region of province or neighouring provinces, (3) locating the manufacturing industries along cities and main transportation lines, (4) improving the adjustment of innerdepartment in the less developed provinces.

Key words: provincial industrial structure, resemblance of industrial structure