地理研究 ›› 1990, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (4): 38-48.doi: 10.11821/yj1990040007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

水库下游再造床过程的若干问题

尤联元, 金德生   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1980-08-20 修回日期:1990-01-16 出版日期:1990-12-15 发布日期:1990-12-15

A STUDY ON CHANNEL DEFORMATION AND RIVER PATTERN OF THE DOWNSTREAM CHANNEL AFTER A RESERVIOR IS CONSTRUCTED

You Lianyuan, Jin Desheng   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Received:1980-08-20 Revised:1990-01-16 Online:1990-12-15 Published:1990-12-15

摘要: 取河流动力学与地貌学的分析相结合,并辅之以模型试验作验证的途径,对水库下游河床演变中的纵向冲刷、横向变形和河型变化等问题进行了讨论,获得了苦干形式简单,但有一定实用价值的定量关系和评估方法。

关键词: 水文地貌理论, 纵向冲刷, 横向变形, 河型

Abstract: By adopting hydro-morphology theory and methods and combining with experiment in the laboratory as well, this paper deals with the following 3 aspects of problems.1) Longitudinal degradationDepending upon boundary conditions that is characterized by nonuniform distribution in 3 dimensional space, the development of longitudinal degradation, besides a general tendency, is getting weaker and weaker along the course with time and is also nonuniform. The degraded magnitude and the scouring distance, in general, can be determined by some experimental formulas established with measured data based on hydro-morphology theory,2) Lateral deformationIt is depended in a nice bit of degree upon relative erodibility of the bank to the bed. Just the same as longitudinal degradation, experimental formulas are also established, by which relationship between deformation intensity of the bank and controling factors, including boundary conditions can be represented well. Due to complex response phenomenon in adjusting process, relative erodibility of the bank to the bed decreases with time, consequently, the relationship between longitudinal and lateral deformation changes with time,too,3) Change of river patternIt is a very complex problem. Adjusted magnitude for width,depth, slope, relief of the bed and roughness and ways taken in adjusting process are different from each other in different river pattern. We establish a comprehensive assessment model, in which factors influencing on formation and development of river pattern are fully considered. It may be used for predicting of changes of river patterns after the reservior is constructed.

Key words: hydro-morphorogy theory, longitudinal degradation, lateral deformation, river pattern