地理研究 ›› 1991, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 60-67.doi: 10.11821/yj1991020007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

赤道东太平洋海温在副热带高压预报上的应用

沙万英, 李克让   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1989-08-20 修回日期:1990-01-16 出版日期:1991-06-15 发布日期:1991-06-15

APPLICATION OF SEA SURFACE TEMPERETURE OF THE EAST EQUATORIAL PACIFIC TO THE FORECASTING OF SUBTROPICAL HIGH

Sha Wanying, Li Kerang   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Received:1989-08-20 Revised:1990-01-16 Online:1991-06-15 Published:1991-06-15

摘要: 鉴于赤道东太平洋海温与副热带高压的相关事实,使用秋冬季海表温度预报夏季副高诸特征量,由此估计我国东部地区汛期雨带位置与降水分布特征。1976—87年的预报试验取得了明显的效果。本文还对其影响机制作了探讨。

关键词: 海温, 副热带高压, 雨带, 加热场

Abstract: On the basis of the analysis of the relationship between the subtropical high over the Northwest Pacific and sea surface temperature over the East Equatorial Pacific, we have developed a new method for long-term forecasting of the intensity and location of subtropical high. On the ground of this, the location of the rain-belt and distribution of precipitation during rainy season may be also estimated. We have gained good results of forecasting from 1976-now and also analysed mechanism of influence. This paper is a review on making long-term forecasting of subtropical high by using sea surface temperature.

Key words: sea surface temperature, subtropical high, East Equatorial Pacific