地理研究 ›› 1991, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 76-84.doi: 10.11821/yj1991020009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

咸海危机的起因与解决途径

毛汉英   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1991-01-15 修回日期:1991-03-04 出版日期:1991-06-15 发布日期:1991-06-15

THE CAUSES AND WAYS OF SOLUTION OF THE ARAL CRISIS

Mao Hanying   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Received:1991-01-15 Revised:1991-03-04 Online:1991-06-15 Published:1991-06-15

摘要: 根据成海国际会议的论文以及近年苏联的资料,并结合笔者的实地考察,本文阐述了咸海危机的因由、后果与解决途径。

关键词: 咸海危机, 引水能力, 节水

Abstract: Referring to papers presented to the International Conference on Aral crisis and relative literature on journals of Soviet Union and by the author's field work, the causes, consequences and ways of solution of Aral crisis are described in this article. It is argu'd that the unbalance of economic and social development with population, resources, ecology and environment in regional development is the main cause of Aral crisis. The ways of solution of Aral crisis would be as follows:1) Saving water, including restructuring of agricultural land use and crop cultivation, improving of irrigation system and irrigation technique and optimal controlling of agriculture drain off w.ter:2) Exploiting new water resource; water transferring from otherdralnage basin, artificial precipitation and transferring-oriented of water gas. Finally, the trends of Aral crisis development are discussed.

Key words: the Aral crisis, water transfer capacity, water saving