地理研究 ›› 1991, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 11-22.doi: 10.11821/yj1991030002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖南省经济增长极研究

朱翔   

  1. 湖南师范大学地理系
  • 收稿日期:1990-08-15 修回日期:1991-04-01 出版日期:1991-09-15 发布日期:1991-09-15

STUDIES ON ECONOMIC GROWTH POLES IN HUNAN PROVINCE

Zhu Xiang   

  1. Department of Geography, Hunan Normal University, Changsha
  • Received:1990-08-15 Revised:1991-04-01 Online:1991-09-15 Published:1991-09-15

摘要: 本文借助增长极理论,研究了湖南空间开发的基本格局,阐明了地域发展必须以经济水准较高的城市为成长核心,运用多元分析方法确定了不同层次的增长极,最后指出本世纪内湖南城市经济建设重点应是长沙、株洲、湘潭城市群和岳阳市。

关键词: 增长极, 地域开发, 湖南, 多元分析, 城市经济

Abstract: By means of the growth pole thecry, this paper studies tasic structure on regional development in Honam Proviroe,ard expornes the importance of the urban economic centies in the province. The gcrwth poles at various levels are determited by applying the methods cf mullivariate analysis. The major construction projects in Hunan province nust he arranged in the city complex which consists of Changsha,Zhuzhou,Xiangun and Yueyang in this century.The keys of economic development in Hunan Province are having a foothold in the superiority of natural resources, utilizing fully the superiority of the location and giving priority to the development cf manufacturing economy.The problems of selecting major econome, c regicns in Hunan Province can He solved by making use of the growth pole theery that is stitale for the developing countries and regions. According to the present develcpment level in Hunan Province, the growth poles of regicral oconomy must te the cities where formal cities have been est ahlished.The growth poles in Hunan Province are selected as follows.Ⅰ Acentral growth pole of all the province. Changsha Ⅱ (a) A railway and industrial growth pole. ZhuzhouA port and industrial growth pole. Yueyang (b) Industrial and regional growth poles. Xiangtan Heiigyang and Chang-de Ⅲ (a) Industrial and regional growth poles. Shaoyang and Chenzhou(b) Growth poles of local industry. Liling, Yiyang, Xiangxiang and Yongzhou(c) Industrial and mining growth poles. Loudi and Lengshuijiang(d) Traffic growth poles. Huaihua and Lengshuitan(e) A tourist growth poles. DayongIn order to cooperate the overall development in T-shape in our country, particularly when the capital construction investment is continuously deficient, we should ado pt an inclined policy on the regional development in Hunan Province. Three axis developing zones, we think, may be determined in accordance with urban and railway factors. These zones are located in the east, the middle and the west of Hunan Proveince respectively.Hunan Province must give full play to its own forces for economis development relying on the East Hunan Economic Zone in this century. The economic centre of the East Hunan Economic Zone is the city complex which consists of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan and the chief gateway is Yueyang. The East Hunan Economic Zone should adjust industrial structure, set up an industrial system with its own features and shift from traditional economy to modernized grand economy by further developing and using modernized resources such as information, technologies, soft ware and computers. At the same time, the East Hunan Economic Zone must continuously step up the infrastructure construction of the cities, strengthen their functions, and carry out infrastructure construction with emphasis on energy and communications.

Key words: Growth pole, Regional development, Hunan Province, Urban economy