地理研究 ›› 1991, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 78-86.doi: 10.11821/yj1991030011

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

海水入侵研究的现状与问题

尹泽生, 林文盘, 杨小军   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1991-01-20 出版日期:1991-09-15 发布日期:1991-09-15

ON STATUS AND PROBLEMS OF SEA WATER INTRUSION RESEARCH

Yin Zeshing, Lin Wenpan, Yang Xiaojun   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Received:1991-01-20 Online:1991-09-15 Published:1991-09-15

摘要: 海水入侵(Sea Water Intrusion)是现代社会中具有特色的资源与环境问题。它在大量开采地下水的沿海地区表现为海水(或古海水)以各种方式向内陆的入侵。由于它所具有的动态变化快、潜在危害大、难以治理等特点,使它比海水沿入海河流的倒灌对人类的影响更大。近年来,国内外对这方面的研究日趋活跃。本文是对这一研究的现状与问题的简要评述。

关键词: 海水入侵, 资源与环境, 人地关系调整

Abstract: Sea water intrusion (SWI) is a characteristic problem of the resources and environment.It has been given much attention in many countries because the problem has brought about disaster along some coastal aresa in the world.Apart of SWI research outline in many countries in Europe, America, Asia, Australia and Africa having been presented in this paper, the authors lay stress on research contents, including three parts as follows. a)Territorial environment (geographic location, paleogeography and historical geogra-pahy, lithof acies and structure),b) The relationship between human activities and SWI(the development and utilization of water resources, the regulation of manland relationship in SWI regions). c)SWI mechanism (general considerations, the pathways, fresh-saline water interface and transition/miture zone). Last but not the least, some suggestions about future research direction have also been presented in this thesis.

Key words: Sea Water Intrusion Resources and Environment, The Regulation of Man-land Relationship