地理研究 ›› 1992, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 5-14.doi: 10.11821/yj1992010002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论中西古典地理学思想渊源

鞠继武   

  1. 南京师范大学
  • 收稿日期:1990-12-03 修回日期:1991-07-10 出版日期:1992-03-15 发布日期:1992-03-15

ON ORIGIONS OF CLASSICAL GEOGRAPHY IN ANCIENT CHINA AND THE WEST

Ju Jiwu   

  1. Nanjing Nonraal University
  • Received:1990-12-03 Revised:1991-07-10 Online:1992-03-15 Published:1992-03-15

摘要: 地理环境、生产活动及哲学思想,是我国先秦时期和古希腊时期的古典地理学思想发轫的主要渊源。由于先秦和古希腊在地理环境,生产活动及哲学思想上的差异,因而双方古典地理学的发展,异多于同,各具特色。

关键词: 先秦, 古希腊, 地理环境, 生产活动, 哲学思想

Abstract: This paper Points out that geographic environment, Productive activities and phylosophic thought were main oringions of classical geography in the Dre-Chin dynasty period and ancient GreeceThe diffrence in geographic environment, Productive activities and phylosophic thought between Pre-Chin dynasty period of China and ancient Grece,leads in the classical geography mainly different ideas of world, the content of physical geography ideas and regional geography and the relationship of man with the earth.The clossed inland environment of ancient China leads to the ideas of ancient Chinese about a flat world and relative regional geography. The open oceanic environment of ancient Greece leads to the ideas of the ancient Greek about a global world and there relative regional geography.In the course of agricultural producture activities of ancient China the physical geograpgy which researches into climate, water and soil was formed while the productive activities of the ancient Greek was maily navigation and trade and they from a physical geography which researches into the origin of the sea and the land and the climate of the world.The humanism of ancient China whose object was the relationship of heaven and man and the relationship among the people and the naturelism of the ancient Greek which reseaches the phylosophic idea of the universe also influence, The development of their respective ideas of the world and the views of physical geography.

Key words: Dre, Chin dynsty, Ancient, Greece, Geographic enrironment pholosophic thought