地理研究 ›› 1992, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 87-90.doi: 10.11821/yj1992010013

• 《90年代的地理学》笔谈 • 上一篇    下一篇

弱点,还是优势?对学习“地理科学是自然科学和社会科学的汇合”的一点体会

高泳源   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1991-06-07 出版日期:1992-03-15 发布日期:1992-03-15

WHETHER WEAKNESS OR SUFERIORITY? THE UNDERSTANDING OF LEARNING "THE SCIENCE OF GEOGRAPHY IS THE CONFLUENCE OF NATURAL SCIENCE AND SOCIAL SCIENCE

Gao Yongyuan   

  1. Institute of Ceography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of The People's Repupblic of China
  • Received:1991-06-07 Online:1992-03-15 Published:1992-03-15

摘要: 自近代地理学建立之日起,一百多年间,关于地理学性质的讨论,始终绵延不绝,贯串着整个地理学思想史。这次,由我国著名科学家钱学森同志发起的地理科学大讨论,已在全国地理学界引起普遍反响,热烈地讨论着。固然,钱学森同志所说的地理科学并不完全等同於我们日常所说的地理学,就科学分类上所居的层次而论,地理科学显然高出於地理学,是没有疑问的,但二者有其辐合一致的地方,也是无可否认的。

Abstract: The research fields of geography are very broab, it embraces parts of natural system, and parts of human system also.For this reason, geography is conceived as a branch of natural science, at the same time, it is also conceived as a branch of social science.This dualism is regarded as a remarkable characteristic of geography. But for a long time, this opinion has been attack-eb from left and right hands.Until recently, owing to the spread of integrating or synthesizing thought, this viewpoint has been changed, the integrity of the discipline can be maintained by seeking to integrate the two facets, for this reason I agree upon Mr. Qian Xuesen's proposal that "The sciense of geography is the confluence of natural science and social science."