地理研究 ›› 1992, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 26-33.doi: 10.11821/yj1992020004
• 论文 •
摘要： 本文通过对我国,南斯拉夫及英国的一些典型地表喀斯特沉积样品的微观观察(偏光显微镜及扫描电镜观察),并综合前人成果,讨论了多种陆相淡水碳酸盐沉积物(石灰华、藻微礁、钙壳核、荒漠叠层石及钙结壳等)沉积过程中藻类(蓝藻、硅藻、绿藻、红藻及轮藻的)钙化作用(充填、结壳及代换作用)、捕获和粘结作用、同化作用和分泌作用,并提出了一种地表喀斯特沉积中新的藻类作用的可能类型——构架作用(shoring effect)。
Abstract: With optical microscopic and Scanning Electronic Microscopic observation on subaerial karst deposit (terrestrial freshwater carbonates) samples from NW. Sichuan, China, Yugoslavia and England, and with bibliographical review, I discussed algal effects which include calcification (encrustation, infiltration and substitution), trapping and binding effects, assimilation and secretion on the processes of terrestrial freshwater carbonate sedimentation like tufas and travertine, algal micro-reefs and coated grains etc.Some algae were related to various freshwater carbonates as a result of my observation Based on the observation, a new proposed algal effect-Shoring effects was also presented in the paper The algal effects on subaerial karst sedimental processes have been classified. Shoring effect is a synthesis mechanism in which algae and their secreted mucus play an essential role.In the process, algae and the mucus play roles both as component of deposit and as shores to support precipited clcite. Shoring effect causes micro-porousity of carbonate deposits.In conclusion, it is very common for algae to exist in various types of freshwater terrestrial carbonate deposits. All of algal effects can be classified into three groups named as active, promoting and passive ones. Micro-morphology or micro-fabrics of subaerial karst deposits can be a kind of key for people to understand the algal effects on its formation.
subaerial karst deposits,
张捷. 地表喀斯特沉积中藻类作用的观察研究[J]. 地理研究, 1992, 11(2): 26-33.
Zhang Jie. OBSERVATION ON ALGAL EFFECTS ON SUBAERIAL KARST SEDIMENTATION[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 1992, 11(2): 26-33.
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