地理研究 ›› 1992, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 50-57.doi: 10.11821/yj1992030010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论民族聚落地理特征形成的文化影响与文化聚落类型

伍家平   

  1. 黔东南师专地理系
  • 出版日期:1992-09-15 发布日期:1992-09-15

ON THE CHARACTERISTIC OF NATIONAL INHABITING GEOGRAPHY FORMED BY THE CULTURE INFLUENCES ATD THE TYPE OF CULTURAL INHABITATION

Wu Jiaping   

  1. Qian duong Nan teacher's College
  • Online:1992-09-15 Published:1992-09-15

摘要: 本文是对居住在贵州东南部亚热带山地的苗族侗族两个民族聚落地理形特征形成的文化背境进行了分析,指出由于传统文化特征的不同导致聚落在分布、形态、结构和功能方面的差异,最后根据文化在聚落中的表现划分了辐聚型和辐散型两个文化聚落类型,并分别作了讨论。

关键词: 民族文化, 民族聚落地理特征, 文化聚落类型

Abstract: The article is on the culture study of inhabiting geography about the Miao nationality and the Dong nationality in the subtropical hills in the Southeast of Gui Zhou. The Miao nationality and the Dong nationality are two ancient minorities in the South of China. Because of the differences of the the developing historical course and the viewpoint of value between them, the leveling distribution of two minorities and the verical verical distribution of them are different, the form structure and function of inhabitation are different too. The Dong nationality lives regularly and closely. The inhabitation usual is located in the two sides of river and the greater part of their buildings is Pile dwelling. It has public buldings-sings of inhabitation.But the Miao nationality lives irregularly and loosely and majority is located in the top or middle of mountains.It has no public building as sings of inhabitation. These difference and the reasons of forming them have point out in the article.The two type of cultural inhabitations-diverging inhabitation and converging inhabitation, are also divided in it according to the social culture of inhabitation and the manifestation of miss thought and action. Besides these the two sorts of cultural inhabitation are discussed respectively in the article.

Key words: Nationel Culture, Characteristic of inhabiting geography, Type of cultural inhabitation