地理研究 ›› 1993, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 37-44.doi: 10.11821/yj1993030006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

江汉平原农田渍害机理研究*

喻光明1, 王朝南2, 陈平2   

  1. 1. 华中师范大学地理系;
    2. 咸宁师范专科学校地理系
  • 收稿日期:1991-09-05 修回日期:1992-11-23 出版日期:1993-09-15 发布日期:1993-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金部分成果(项目编号:48970053)

MECHANISM OF WATERLOGGING DAMAGE IN JIANGHAN PLAIN

Yu Guangming1, Wang Chaonan2, Chen Ping2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, Central china Normal University;
    2. Department of Geography, Xianning Teachers' College
  • Received:1991-09-05 Revised:1992-11-23 Online:1993-09-15 Published:1993-09-15

摘要: 本文提出了江汉平原的渍害标准,并从地表水动态,地下水动态、微地貌及垦殖与耕作等主导因子分析入手,探讨了江汉平原渍害的形成原因和形成过程,为渍害的诊断改造和利用提供了理论依据。

关键词: 江汉平原, 渍害, 渍害标准

Abstract: waterlogging damage is the main obstacle factor of agriculture in plain and lake region. In this paper, the standard of waterlogging damage is suggested based on the definition of waterlogging, with a lot of observational data in Jianghan Plain, and the cause and process of waterlogging formation are discussed. The conclusions are as follows.1. The waterlogging damage is taken piece if the buried depth of groundwatcr in dry season is less than 0.6m, and the standard of waterlogging damage can be divided into six degrees. (1) Non waterlogging, the buried depth of groundwater is more than 0.6m; (2) Marginal waterlogging, the groundwater level is 0.3-0.6m; (3) Slight waterlogging, the groundwater level is 0.2-0.3m;(4) Mid waterlogging, the groundwater level is 0.1-0.3m; (5)Hard waterlogging, the ground water level is within 0.1m; (6) Very hard waterlogging, the still water is On the ground surface.2. the trigger mechanism of waterloggia;damage is the coupling of leading factors such as the surface water dynamic, the groundwater dynamic, the micro-landforms, the reclamation and cultivation of the wetland, and the cropping system.3. The mechanism of waterlogging damage can be presented as follows. In natural situation, the living factors of environment (inducing human activities) are disastrously coupled to change the payare ochemical properties of sod,and then to influence the growtg of crops.At last it results in decrease ot the crop product.

Key words: Jianghan Plain, waterlogging, mechanism, leading fectors, the standard of waterlogging damage