地理研究 ›› 1994, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (3): 44-52.doi: 10.11821/yj1994030005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大洋风应力和风场的计算与分析*

李克让1, 林贤超1, 吴忠祥2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所;
    2. 美国麻省理工学院地球大气和行星科学系
  • 收稿日期:1992-10-15 修回日期:1994-04-10 出版日期:1994-09-15 发布日期:1994-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    *资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室及国家自然科学基金

CALCULATION AND ANALYSIS OF WIND STRESS AND WIND FIELD IN THE WORLD OCEAN

Li Kerang1, Lin Xianchao1, Wu Zhongxiang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of ffeiences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China;
    2. Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Siences, MIT, USA.
  • Received:1992-10-15 Revised:1994-04-10 Online:1994-09-15 Published:1994-09-15

摘要: 本文讨论了大洋风场,风应力和某些大气动力学特征,并介绍了需要计算的近海面大气运动学和动力学的量值,特别是风应力的计算方法,最后给出了利用迄今全球大洋最完善的COADS资料求得的大洋风应力和合成风的计算与分析个例.

关键词: 大洋, 风应力, 合成风

Abstract: Fluxes of momentum,heat,radation and water at the air-sea interface dhve the ocean circulation and determine the coupling between the atmosphere and the ocean.A reliable determination and analysis of these flux fields and wind fields are therefore essential for understanding the role of the oceans in climate. The goal of this paper is to introduce some atmospheric kinetic and dynamic eiements, calculative methods, research history and the data for analysing global climate and interaction between the atmosphere and the ocean. The comprehensive ocean-atmosphere data set(COADS)is the most complete data set available for the global oceanic regions up to now. The examples of calculation and analysis of wind stress and wind fields in the world oceans on the basis of the wind data derived fron COADS are given at last.

Key words: Wind stress, resultant wind

PACS: 

  • P72