地理研究 ›› 1994, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 1-7.doi: 10.11821/yj1994040001

• 论文 •    下一篇

热带太平洋海域感热、潜热通量的时空特征*

曲雏政1, 李若钝2, 孙瑞本2   

  1. 1. 青岛海洋大学;
    2. 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所
  • 收稿日期:1992-01-15 修回日期:1994-06-28 出版日期:1994-12-15 发布日期:1994-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    *“TOGA-COARE”项目

TEMPORAL AND SPATI AL CHARECTERS OF RADIATE HEAT AND LATENT HEAT FLUXES IN THE TROPICAL PACIFIC REGION

Qu WeiZheng1, Li Ruodun2, Sun Ruiben2   

  1. 1. Ocean University of Qingda;
    2. First Institute of Oceanography, SOA
  • Received:1992-01-15 Revised:1994-06-28 Online:1994-12-15 Published:1994-12-15

摘要: 本文利用“中美热带西太平洋海气相互作用研究”第1-8航次海面气象观测资料,计算分析了热带太平洋感热潜热通量的时空特征.分析结果表明在赤道海域,潜热通量远远大于感热通量.潜热和感热通量是从海面向大气输送的,且具有明显的年际变化和季节变化,日变化变幅甚小.

关键词: 感热通量, 潜热通量, 热带太平洋海域

Abstract: Based on the observations during a ocean surface meteorological survey,conducted by the project of“the Sino American Research Programme of the Air-sea Interaction in West Tropical Pacific”,analyses of the temporal and spatial characters of radiate heat and latent heat fluxes are made.The results show that the latent heat flux is much greater than the radiate heat flux.βis equal to 0.05 in the equatorial sea area west of 165°E is 0.13 in the area north of 20°N,βis 0.01 in the equatorial sea area east of the international date line.Latent heat and radiate heat are transformed from sea surface to atmosphere,and have obvious annual andseasonal variations.

Key words: radiate flix, latent flux, tropical Pacic Sea region

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