地理研究 ›› 1994, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 98-104.doi: 10.11821/yj1994040013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

敦煌莫高窟古代生土建筑物风蚀机理与防护对策的研究*

屈建军1, 张伟民1, 王远萍1, 贺大良1, 戴枫年1, 文子祥1, 王家澄2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院兰州沙漠研究所;
    2. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所
  • 收稿日期:1993-09-29 修回日期:1994-06-26 出版日期:1994-12-15 发布日期:1994-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    *甘肃省自然科学基金,中国科学院冰川冻土研究所冻土工程国家实验基金

A STUDY ON THE MECHANISM AND THE PREVENTION OF WIND EROSION OF ANCIENT ADOBE CONSTRUCTION IN MOGAO GROTTOES

Qu Jianjun1, Zhang Weimin1, Wang Yuanping1, He Daniang1, Dai Fengnian1, Wen Zixiang1, Wang Jiachang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Desert Research, Academia Sinica;
    2. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1993-09-29 Revised:1994-06-26 Online:1994-12-15 Published:1994-12-15

摘要: 利用低温冻融实验和风洞模拟实验研究古代生土建筑的风蚀机理,结果表明:挟沙风风蚀速率明显大于净风的风蚀速率,其风蚀率是净风的130倍,冻融是风蚀速率增大的一个重要因素,偏西风的降水和风蚀是造成莫高窟古代生土建筑风蚀毁坏的方要原因.实验表明,采取5%LS和10%PS防护材料是防止风蚀的一条重要途径.

关键词: 敦煌莫高窟, 古代生土建筑物, 冻融风蚀, 防护材料

Abstract: Through simulating under conditions of low temperatures,freezing and thawing and in wind tunnel,wind erosion mechanism of ancient adobe construction was studied.The results show that erosion rate of wind driven sands is 130 times greater than the winds.Freezing and thawing is also an important factor which causes the in crease of wind erosion.There forewest wind and rainfall are main causes which result in the erosion and destruction of the ancient adobe construction at Mogao Grottoes.Experiment also shows that eroion can be prevented by applying 5%LS and 10%PS conservation materials.

Key words: ancient adobe construction, freezing and thawing, wind erosion

  • K879.21