地理研究 ›› 1995, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (1): 44-49.doi: 10.11821/yj1995010006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于澜沧江正源问题

靳长兴1, 周长进2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1994-09-20 修回日期:1994-12-17 出版日期:1995-03-15 发布日期:1995-03-15

THE SOURCE OF MEKONG RIVER

Jin Changxing1, Zhou Changjin2   

  1. 1. Insstitute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of Pesple's Rpublic of Chiha, Beijing 100101;
    2. Commission of Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinese Acaelemy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1994-09-20 Revised:1994-12-17 Online:1995-03-15 Published:1995-03-15

摘要: 通过对澜沧江源头地区的水文、气候、地貌及河流特征等实地考察后确认,澜沧江正源应为扎阿曲,发源于青海省玉树藏族自治州杂多县阿青乡拉赛贡玛山南面的冰川末端。

关键词: 澜沧江正源, 实地考察, 环境

Abstract: By field survey it is decided that the source of Mekong River is the Zayaqu river which starts from the end of a small glacial on the Lasagongma Mountain in Zadou County,Qinghai province.The altitude of the source is 5,167m and the location is 94°41'35″E and 33°44'13″N.Mekong River is the-7th biggest river in Asia and the 12th biggest river in world.From the source to its first bigger tributary joint, Ganasongdou(94°36'40″E and 33°12'33"N),Zayaqu river has a length of 93.9km, an area of 2 560km2 and a discharge of 54.9m3/s which was measured on Sept.4, 1994.From Ganasongdou to Changdou in Tibet Autonomous Region,the river is called Zaqu River which has a length of 518km, Down from Changdou to the outlet of the river inside China, the river is called Lancang jiang River,Lancang jiang River has an area of 164, 766km2,a length of 2 354km and a mean annual discharge of 2, 180m3/s. In the paper the physical geography and the natural resources in the source area were also discussed.

Key words: Mekong River, Source, Physical geography

PACS: 

  • 928.42