地理研究 ›› 1995, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 27-34.doi: 10.11821/yj1995020004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

小流域水沙耦合模拟概念模型*

包为民   

  1. 河海大学水资源水文系 南京 210024
  • 收稿日期:1994-03-08 修回日期:1994-12-11 出版日期:1995-06-15 发布日期:1995-06-15
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金(编号49000010),国家教委优秀年轻教师基金

A CONCEPTUAL FLOW-SEDIMENTATION COUPLED SIMULATION MODEL FOR SMALL BASINS

Bao Weimin   

  1. Dept. of Water Resources and Hydrology, Hehai University, Nanjing 210024
  • Received:1994-03-08 Revised:1994-12-11 Online:1995-06-15 Published:1995-06-15

摘要: 小流域水沙耦合模拟概念模型,采用文献[1]、[2]和[4]中提出的概念性坡面产沙、沟蚀产沙、坡面汇沙、沟道汇沙和格林-安普特下渗曲线结构,结合水文学中的概念性汇流计算方法,构成了一个完整的、具有明确物理意义的流域水流、泥沙耦合模拟模型.该模型结构简单,经子洲试验站团山沟三试验场和蛇家沟、团山沟、水旺沟三试验小流域实测资料的模拟检查表明,模型结构合理、效果较好,适合于黄土地区流域.

关键词: 小流域, 水流, 泥沙, 模型

Abstract: A conceptual flow-sedimentation coupled simulation model for small basins was struc-tured by combining the conceptual equations for interrill and rill-gully soil erosion and tran-sport of the eroded soils which were all described in paper [1] and [2] with a conceptual flowsimulation model which was described in paper [3] and [4].The model was tested in threeexperimental blocks and three small basins and the results showed that the structure of themodel are reasonable and the simulation of flow and sedimentation were very satisfactorycompared to the observed data.

Key words: Small basin, Flow Sediment, Model

PACS: 

  • P343