地理研究 ›› 1996, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (4): 92-100.doi: 10.11821/yj1996040013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游开发的环境影响研究进展*

刘晓冰1, 保继刚2   

  1. 1. 广东省环境保护学校 广州 510655;
    2. 中山大学城市与资源规划系 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:1995-08-30 修回日期:1996-08-14 出版日期:1996-12-15 发布日期:1996-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金

DEVELOPMENT OF THE RESEARCHES ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ON TOURIST DEVELOPMENT

Liu Xiaobing1, Bao Jigang2   

  1. 1. School of Environmental Protection of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510655;
    2. Department of Geography, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:1995-08-30 Revised:1996-08-14 Online:1996-12-15 Published:1996-12-15

摘要: 本文在阅读了大量文献资料的基础上,概括了国内外在研究旅游开发的环境影响工作中的成就,并指出了其有待深入之处。

关键词: 旅游, 环境影响, 研究进展

Abstract: Based on a lot of readings on the related litteratures aboard, the authors generalized the development of researches on the environmental impacts on tourist development in China and foreign countries in the following five aspects.1.Discussion on the concepts of tourist environment and the criteria for evaluating tourist environmental quality.Tourist environment is regarded as a complex concept, including natural environment, social environment, political and economical environment.Whether in foreign countries or in China, it is difficult to gain the universal standards for evaluating tourist environmental quality.2.The study on the tourist impact on environment, which mainly includes that on natural environment and that on social and cultural environment.The study of tourist impact on the environment elements, such as geology, soil, water quality, air, vegetation, wildlife,is the main method to study tourist impact on natural environment.On the other hand, tourist impact on social and cultural environment needs further study, especially in our country.3.The development of researches on tourist environment capacity.Because the conflict between tourist environment capacity and tourist development is becoming serious,many scholars come to discuss the concept of tourist environment capacity and try to calculate it by various models.Such study is more successful in our country than foreign countries.4.Measures taken on tourist environmental protection.Based on the principle of environment science and tourism science, the scholars concluded these useful measures for protecting tourist environment.5.Development of the researches on related subjects, such as ecology, psychology,etc..The paper also points out the research aspects that need further study in the hope of inspiring more studies on the same subject.

Key words: Tourism, Environmental impact, Research development

PACS: 

  • K928. 9