地理研究 ›› 1997, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 38-44.doi: 10.11821/yj1997020005

所属专题: 人地系统

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向PRED问题的人地关系系统构型理论与方法研究

王黎明   

  1. 南京大学城市与资源学系 南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:1996-04-25 修回日期:1997-04-11 发布日期:2013-01-18
  • 通讯作者: 王黎明,男,1963年4月生,博士。1984年于西南师范大学地理系获学士学位,1989年于华东师大地理系获硕士学位,1995年于中国科学院地理所获博士学位,现南京大学城市与资源学系从事博士后研究。

A THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE PRED ORIENTED MODELLING OF MAN LAND RELATIONSHIP SYSTEM

Wang Liming   

  1. Department of Urban and Resource Science, Nanjing University Nanjing 210093
  • Received:1996-04-25 Revised:1997-04-11 Published:2013-01-18

摘要: 人地关系所涉及的因素复杂,以致在科学研究的实践上只能够根据研究目的和方法手段,在繁杂的因素中抽象出主要的方面进行研究。在总结各种人地关系系统构型理论的基础上,提出了面向区域PRED问题的人地关系系统构型理论,指出了PRED构型具有针对性、综合性、地域性、动态性、可调控性等特征,分析了PRED构型的基本方法与工作步骤,提出了集成化、变结构、多层次多区域化的PRED模型系统设计思想,并探讨了PRED协调模式的主要内容及划分PRED协调区的构想。

关键词: PRED, 人地关系, 构型

Abstract: Man-land relationship system is so complicated that the scientists usually forcus on the main problems of it. After discussing various kinds of modelling theories and methodologies of man-land relationship system, this article advances regional PRED-oriented modelling theory and methodology. Regional population problem, resource problem, environment problem and development problem (PRED problems) which indicate the uncoordinated situation of regional man-land relationship are being attached much importance to by people all over the world. Being interrelated and interacting to each other,all the facters causing regional PRED problems construct a complicated system which is called PRED system. Obviously, the study on PRED system is a practical way to reserch the mechanisms of the areal system of man-land relaionship (ASMLR), which is the core of geographical studies. In this article, the author generlizes the main characteristics of the PRED-oriented modelling, points out the importance of problem-oriented modelling to resovle the main problems of regional sustainable development at present day. Then a method framework of PRED-oriented modelling is put forward, which is divided into four steps:analysis of PRED system, establishment of the integrated model system, simulation and assessment. The integrated model system consists of three parts:1. system dynamic simulating model as the core; 2. department models including population models, resource models, environment models and soci-economic development models; 3. auxiliary models containning econometrics models, mathematical statistics models, etc. Especially, the author emphasizes that metasymthetical engineering is an important methodology in PRED model system building. As the main contents of regional policies, the regional PRED coordinating paterns and PRED regionalizaion are suggested in this article.

Key words: PRED, man-land relationship, modelling

PACS: 

  • X24