地理研究 ›› 1997, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (3): 23-31.doi: 10.11821/yj1997030003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

专题地图符号构成元素的研究*

马耀峰   

  1. 陕西师范大学地理系 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:1996-03-28 修回日期:1997-02-27 出版日期:1997-09-15 发布日期:1997-09-15
  • 作者简介:马耀峰,男,生于1949年11月.现任陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院副院长,教授.主要从事地图学与地理信息系统、旅游市场的研究工作.在《测绘学报》等刊物上发表论文20余篇,独著或合作出版有《旅游地图制图》等专著9部.目前主持研究国家自然科学基金课题一项.
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金(49571027)

A STUDY ON THE SYMBOLIC CONSTITUTION ELEMENTS OF THEMATIC MAP

Ma Yaofen   

  1. Department of Geography.Shaanxi Normal Univ., Xi'an 710062
  • Received:1996-03-28 Revised:1997-02-27 Online:1997-09-15 Published:1997-09-15

摘要: 在分析地图传输论和符号视觉变量的基础上,提出了地图符号构成元素。指出了符号构成元素由位置、形状、色彩(括色相、纯度和亮度)、尺寸(括大小、粗细、长短和分割比例)、网纹(括排列和疏密)、方向和注记(括文字数字、字体字级)组成。研究出了符号构成元素的设计模式为:选择,叠置或匹配,强化或减弱,拉伸或压缩。并讨论了符号构成元素的设计步骤。

关键词: 专题地图符号, 符号构成元素, 符号构成元素设计模式

Abstract: Based on analyzing the cartographic communication theory and the symbol dimensions, the paper advanced from the symbolic constitution elements, such as position, form, hue, size, texture, direction and notation to map design.The designing models of symbolic constitution elements are some methods, such as selection, coverture, cooperation, strengthening, weakening, extension and condesing.The process of designing symbolic constitution elements for thematic mapping is presented.The design of symbolic constitution elements is to express thematic factors, and it has a very important theoretical and practical significance to promote the development of computer-assisted cartography and GIS and to increase designing level of thematic mapping.

Key words: Symbol of thematic map, Symbolic constitution elements, designing models of symbolic constitution element

PACS: 

  • P283