地理研究 ›› 1997, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (3): 101-111.doi: 10.11821/yj1997030014

• 论文 • 上一篇    

跨国公司对区域经济发展影响的理论研究

李小建   

  1. 河南大学地理系 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:1996-08-23 修回日期:1997-06-09 出版日期:1997-09-15 发布日期:1997-09-15
  • 作者简介:李小建,男,1954年8月生,1981年毕业于河南大学地理系,1990年获中国南开大学与澳大利亚国立大学联合培养博士学位.多年从事经济地理学教学和研究工作,现为河南大学地理系主任、教授.代表性著作有《工业变化与公司活动的空间分析》、《河南农村工业发展环境研究》等,代表性论文有“论工业变化的综合研究”、“香港对大陆投资的区位变化与公司空间行为”、“Industrial linkages and rural industralization: A case study of Henan, China”等.学术兼职包括美国匹兹堡州立大学客座教授、中国地理学会经济地理专业委员会副主任等.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(49871035)

TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND REGIONALDEVELOPMENT:THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS

Li Xiaojian   

  1. Department of geography, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001
  • Received:1996-08-23 Revised:1997-06-09 Online:1997-09-15 Published:1997-09-15

摘要: (1)根据相邻学科的理论并基于前人研究成果,提出跨国公司对区域经济影响、跨国公司与区域关系以及两者关系的决定因素三层次研究思路;(2)以生产链、组织链和所有权关系三个关联系统和区域等级关系作为跨国投资的理论背景,导出跨国公司──区域综合分析方法;(3)跨国投资对区域发展影响具广泛性、层次性、区域性、多面性、差异性和时间性特点,跨国公司与投资地关系具互补性、竞争性和变化性特点,影响两者关系的主要因素为社会政治背景、结构状况和相对地位。

关键词: 跨国公司, 区域发展, 生产链, 组织链, 所有权关系

Abstract: There are three main findings in the paper.(1) On the basis of the theories from the related disciplines and the research results in the topic, three levels are clarified for conducting a study concerning transnational corporations (TNCs) and regional development, impacts of TNCs on the host region, relationships between TNCs and all participants in the host area, and main factors determining the bargaining power of the two sides.(2) Three interaction systems, namely production chains, organizational structure, and the hierarchy of relations of ownership and possession, plus a regional system are used as background for theoretical analysis.Therefore, it is suggested that the power relations between transnational and the host regions be more comprehensively judged by positing them in the systems.(3) Regional impacts of TNCs on the host regions are characterised as extensiveness, gradation, regionalization, multi-sides, differentiation, and timeliness.The relationships between TNCs and the host regions are complementary, compertitive and evolutionary.The main factors determining the relationships are social political background,structures of TNCs and the host economies, and power positions of the two sides.

Key words: transnational corperations, FDI, regional development, production chains, organizational linkages

PACS: 

  • F119.9