地理研究 ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 4-9.doi: 10.11821/yj1998010002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于地理学的区域性和地域分异研究*

郑度   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1997-10-29 修回日期:1997-12-13 出版日期:1998-03-15 发布日期:1998-03-15
  • 作者简介:郑度,男,1936年生,中国科学院地理研究所研究员。主要从事自然地理综合研究、山地与高原的地理研究。近期论著有《自然地域系统研究》、《青藏高原的形成演化》等。
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金重点项目(49731020)

A STUDY ON THE REGIONALITY AND REGIONAL DIFFERENTIATION OF GEOGRAPHY

Zheng Du   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-10-29 Revised:1997-12-13 Online:1998-03-15 Published:1998-03-15

摘要: 地理学素以综合性和区域性为其特色。区域研究是地理学悠久而重要的传统,并已形成区域学派。根据综合地理学或统一地理学的观点,区域研究是体现自然和人文相结合的重要层次和有效途径。探讨区域单元的形成发展、分异组合、划分合并和相互联系,是地理学对过程和类型综合研究的概括和总结。从地理学角度看,可以认为抓住典型区域研究,深化对地域分异规律的认识,是与国际接轨、连接全球的桥梁。可持续发展的概念应当包含地理学的区域性,其研究与实施也有不同的空间尺度。可以相信,在理论深化和方法创新的基础上,区域研究仍将是地理学的核心领域,也有着开展相关专题综合研究工作的广阔前景。

关键词: 地理学, 区域研究, 地域分异

Abstract: The earth surface has been the traditional object of geography.Characterized by the integration and regionality, geography is a bridge across natural sciences and human sciences.Regional study is an ancient and important tradition, forming the regional school of geography.Prof.HUANG Bingwei has been engaged in integrated research of physical geography and has paid attention to observing and tackling issues from the point of view of regional scope for a long time.In view of integrated or unified geography, regional approach is an important level and effective way to embody the combination of nature and humanity.Physico geographically the natural complex is usually studied from three various angles and levels, i.e., process, type and region, they are closely interrelated.In a regional point of view, to apporoach the formation and evolution, differentiation and combination, demarcation and connection of regional units is a summarization and generalization of the integrated study on geographical processes and types.It promoted further study of various branches of physical geography.The majority of geographers would agree that regions have an important role in the discipline.To carry out the integrated study on natural and human factors at a regional level is a necessary way to approach and coordinate man land relationship.As regards theoretical studies, the zonality and azonality of regional differentiation of geographical environments should be generalized according to the facts and materials in certain areas.The periodicity of natural zonation needs to be improved based on studies of ecogeographical relationship of physical environments.On the basis of a better scheme of ecogeographical regional system of China we may study the natural zonation and physico geographical regionalization of the world.The research level of global environmantal changes depends on further understanding of its regional differentiation.Geographically, to carry out studies on the typical regional unit and further cognition of the regularity of regional differentiation is a bridge connecting the global and entering the international issues.The regionality of geography should be embodied in the concept of sustainable development, the study of sustainable development may correspondently include different scales in space.Regional sustainable development is a key link to carry out China's agenda 21, while the strategic thoughts and new model of sstainable development need to be embodied through the implementation in various regions.In the history of geographical thoughts, the regional study has been a traditional school and has promoted the development of geography.As an important level and fundamental common ground, the regional study incarnates the synthesis of physical geography and human geography.It is convinced that on the basis of further theoretical research and bringing forth new method, regional study remains a core domain of geography and has good prospects for carrying out integrated research of related special subjects.

Key words: Geography, regional study, regional differentiation

PACS: 

  • P94