地理研究 ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 17-22.doi: 10.11821/yj1998010004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

在深化可持续发展研究中发展地理学*

蔡运龙   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:1997-07-17 修回日期:1997-12-19 出版日期:1998-03-15 发布日期:1998-03-15
  • 作者简介:蔡运龙,男,1948年3月生,教授,博士生导师,北京大学首批“跨世纪中青年学术骨干”。主要从事综合自然地理学、区域综合开发、农业与农村可持续发展、土地科学、自然资源评价与利用规划、自然资源经济学、环境变化的人类方面、地理学理论与方法等方面的科研与教学。已发表专著(包括合著)10部,论文70余篇。
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金资助项目(49571006)

DEVELOPING GEOGRAPHY AND DEEPENING THE RESEARCH ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Cai Yunlong   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:1997-07-17 Revised:1997-12-19 Online:1998-03-15 Published:1998-03-15

摘要: 可持续发展研究对地理学提出了挑战,也是地理学的发展机会,地理学家有责任在发展自己学科的同时把可持续发展的研究引向深入。地理学家要能对似乎已得到广泛认同的概念提出挑战性的思想,要在观念形态、经济-社会体制、科学技术三个层次上把可持续发展的论题引向深入,同时要对论题的空间尺度和时间尺度有明确的界定,尤其要重视区域尺度和近期的可持续发展研究,重视可持续发展思想和战略的可操作性。

关键词: 可持续发展, 研究论题, 研究尺度, 可操作化

Abstract: The research on sustainable development is both a challenge to and an opportunity for geography.While developing the discipline of themselves, geographers should take the responsibility to deepen the research on sustainable development.The concept of sustainable development seems to be commonly accepted.Geographers may either recognize or criticize the concept.However, they must bring forward certain challengable ideas.The theses of sustainable development should be concretized at three levels.At the notion or ethics level, the traditional geographical idea, human-earth harmony development, should be advocated.At the level of socio-economic institution or system, we should contribute to the reformation of existing production manner, consumption pattern, social institution, political system, international interrelationship, administration system and technological system.At the scientific and technological level, the role of geographer seems clear, yet we should pay more attention to the selection of appropriate technology suitable for various localities.The spatial and temporal scales of the topics should be definitely identified.There are different issues at such various scales as global, national, regional, local and site.The sustainable development research at regional and local scales should be paid more attention to in particular for geographers.Regarding temporal scale, sustainable development should be planned in long, middle and short terms respectively.Economical growth and the reversal of impoverishment degradation spiral in short term are the most urgent tasks for some poverty areas.Only if the short-term objects are realized, the sustainability concept can be operationalized.

Key words: sustainable development, identification of research thesis, identification of research scale, operationalization

PACS: 

  • P90