地理研究 ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 31-38.doi: 10.11821/yj1998010006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国古村落景观的空间意象研究*

刘沛林1, 董双双2   

  1. 1. 湖南衡阳师范高等专科学校地理系 衡阳 421008;
    2. 中国科学院地理研究所 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1997-06-24 修回日期:1997-12-18 出版日期:1998-03-15 发布日期:1998-03-15
  • 作者简介:刘沛林,男,1963年生,副教授,北京大学城市与环境学系毕业,获人文地理学硕士学位。主要从事文化地理学、景观规划学及人居文化学研究。已出版《古村落:和谐的人居空间》等专著3部,主编教材1部,在《北京大学学报》(哲社版)、《自然科学史研究》等刊物上发表论文近50篇。
  • 基金资助:
    *湖南省教委科研资助项目(HJ96181)

STUDY OF LANDSCAPE-IMAGE OF CHINESE ANCIENT VILLAGE

Liu Peilin1, Dong Shuangshuang2   

  1. 1. Dept. of Geography, Hengyang Teachers' College, Hengyang, Hunan 421008;
    2. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-06-24 Revised:1997-12-18 Online:1998-03-15 Published:1998-03-15

摘要: 引入“意象”(image)的概念,借助从感觉形式研究聚落空间形象的方法,对中国古村落景观的多维空间立体图象作了初步研究。文章把中国古村落景观的基本意象概括为:①山水意象,②生态意象,③宗族意象,④趋吉意象等四个方面;并对不同地域古村落景观意象的差异作了比较。

关键词: 意象, 古村落, 景观, 可识别性, 区域比较

Abstract: Using the concept of "image" and borrowing the method of studying settlement space from sensitive forms, this paper makes a preliminary study on polydimensional space of Chinese ancient villages.The characteristic of Chinese ancient villages is "recognizable" and "impressive" because of their perspicuous symbols and sensitive forms, which consist a livid psychological picture of memory space.The ancient villages in the southern watery area can be considered as an excellent illustration: houses built by rivers, stone bridges above the brooks, and busy boats….What a beautiful polydimensional image of an ancient village.This paper discusses four kinds of images in Chinese ancient village: (1) image of mountains and rivers; (2) image of ecology; (3) image of patriarchal clans; (4) image of pursuing auspiciousness.It also compares the images of landscape among different regions: (1) image of the southern watery area is "bridge, river, and houses"; (2) image of mountainous region in southern Anhui province is "Living in picture, unaware of the deep valley"; (3) Image of the Kejia villages at the joint of Fujian, Guangdong and Jiangxi is "Muddy house makes me safe, Fengshui brings me luck"; (4) Image of the Dai villages in Yunnan is "a view of bajao banana, bamboo houses and temples"; (5) Image of cave dwelling villages in northwest is "a combination with Nature"; (6) Image of Do villages in the joint of Hunan, Guizhou and Guangxi is "towering drumhouse and capped Fengyu bridge"; (7) Image of villages along the rivers in Sichuan province is "Diaojiao housing and building downward the slopes"; (8) Image of the Chayang traditional fishing villages in Guangdong province is "short-slope roofs with a lively rhythm"; (9) Image of Xiagxi area is "gorgeous Mato walls and rich Tianji lines".Carl O.Sauer, a famous American geographer claimed the core of human-geography research was to explain cultural landscape.The ancient village images discussed in this paper can be regarded as a new form of cultural landscape research.I wish the paper can offer some new angles of thinking in cultural geography, village landscape planing and tourist cultural village designing.

Key words: image, ancient village, landscape, recognizability, region comparison

PACS: 

  • K928.5