地理研究 ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (4): 423-428.doi: 10.11821/yj1998040013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

历史时期莱州湾沿海平原湖沼的变迁*

王守春   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1998-06-22 修回日期:1998-08-29 出版日期:1998-12-15 发布日期:1998-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金资助项目

THE CHANGES OF LAKES ON COASTAL PLAIN ALONG THE LAIZHOU BAY IN HISTORICAL TIMES

Wang Shouchun   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-06-22 Revised:1998-08-29 Online:1998-12-15 Published:1998-12-15

摘要: 莱州湾沿海平原地区,古代曾有许多湖沼,其中以巨淀湖最大。根据历史文献和考古资料,查明了随着历史的发展,巨淀湖发生空间转移,并查明大部分湖沼最后逐渐消失的过程,阐述了这些湖沼空间分布特点以及导致变迁的因素,探讨它们消失的环境后果,并尝试提出吸取历史教训改善环境的建议。

关键词: 莱州湾沿岸, 历史时期, 湖泊沼泽变迁, 环境对策

Abstract: This paper researches changes of the lakes on the coastal plain north of the Shandong Peninsular along the Laizhou Bay or the southern rim of the Bohai Sea in North China.According to field investigations,results of archaeo-logical researches and historical records in ancient writings,there were many lakes and marshes on this plain,some lakes were 40 km in length and 20 km in width.They experienced great changes in historical times,some even had their courses migrated,and a number of new lakes appeared in later on.But today almost all of them disa ppeared.The following factors are accountable for the changes of these lakes:changes of coastlines,river course migration and deposition,geo tectonic movements of faults zone,and human activities.The disappearance of these lakes resulted in certain serious environmental problems.And the author put forward suggestions on the construction of some water reservoirs on the positions of the ancient lakes to retain water and to improve the environment.

Key words: coastal plain, Laizhou Bay, changes of lakes, historical times, environmental countermeasure

PACS: 

  • K901.9