地理研究 ›› 1999, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 7-16.doi: 10.11821/yj1999010002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外区域发展规划的全新审视及对中国的借鉴*

方创琳   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:1998-04-12 修回日期:1998-12-01 出版日期:1999-03-15 发布日期:1999-03-15
  • 作者简介:方创琳 (1966- ), 男, 甘肃省庆阳人, 副教授。1998年在中国科学院地理研究所获博士学位, 现在北京大学博士后流动站工作。主要从事区域可持续发展与规划、资源经济与环境综合整治研究。主编出版著作4部, 发表学术论文95篇。
  • 基金资助:
    * 中国博士后科学基金

The fire new survey to the overseas regional development planning and reference to China

FANG Chuanglin   

  1. Department of Urban & Environmental Science Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:1998-04-12 Revised:1998-12-01 Online:1999-03-15 Published:1999-03-15

摘要: 从100年来国外区域发展规划总体演变历程入手,提出了国家“高度指令+强制干预”体制下、“统一领导+总体协调”体制下和“不统不控+政策当先”体制下区域发展规划的三大生成模式,认为国家政治经济体制的变革主宰着规划的命运,作为特定时期政府一项重要职能的规划的局限性在所难免。中国在区域发展规划中必须重视计划与市场的适度结合,公众参与与政治参与的有机协调,建立健全规划中的立法管理体系,并注重对生态环境和可持续发展问题的研究。

关键词: 国外区域发展规划, 生成模式, 总体诊断, 借鉴

Abstract: After surveying the overall 100 years' evolving course of the overseas regional development planning, this paper puts forward three creating modes (under the system of the nation's "high instruction+constraint intervention", "unitive leading + collectively correspondance" and "no control+policy priority") of it, and considers the localization of the planning, which is an important function of the government in special times and whose destiny is dominated by the transformation of the national political-economical system, is unavoidable. When China is carrying out its regional development planning, it should emphasize the moderate combination of the plan and market, the organic coordination of the public and political participation, constitute wholesome legislation and management system of the planning and pay great attention to the research of social eco-environment and strategic problem of sustainable development.

Key words: overseas regional development planning, creating modes, collective diagnosis, use for reference

PACS: 

  • F207