地理研究 ›› 1999, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (4): 420-427.doi: 10.11821/yj1999040013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

山西湿地资源及可持续利用研究

张峰1, 上官铁梁2   

  1. 1. 山西大学生命科学系, 山西太原 030006;
    2. 山西大学环境科学系, 山西太原 030006
  • 收稿日期:1998-10-12 修回日期:1999-06-15 发布日期:2013-01-18
  • 通讯作者: 张峰(1955- ),男,山西永济市人,副教授,兼山西大学黄土高原研究所副所长,1978年毕业于山西大学数学系,1995年3月曾赴瑞典斯德哥尔摩大学植物系学习,主要从事生物统计学和植物生态学的教学科研工作。
  • 基金资助:

    山西省留学基金

A study on the wetland resources in Shanxi and their sustainable utilization

ZHANG Feng1, SHANGGUAN Tie-liang2   

  1. 1. Department of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China;
    2. Department of Environment Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
  • Received:1998-10-12 Revised:1999-06-15 Published:2013-01-18

摘要: 山西湿地主要分布于各河流流域、湖泊和水库及周围地区,主要由河口(内陆)湿地、河流湿地、湖泊湿地、水库湿地和沼泽及草甸湿地等组成,总面积约2146km2.山西湿地有着丰富的自然资源,包括:①生物资源有植物1209种,其中野大豆为国家3级保护植物;资源植物7类,其中饲草植物蕴藏量最大;植被资源有70个群系,以草本植物群落占绝对优势;动物455种,其中国家1.2级保护动物17种,鱼类资源70种。②土地资源主要分布于各河流的河漫滩,其中黄河河漫滩约有438km2, 开发潜力较大。③旅游资源主要有壶口瀑布、淡水泉和水库等。④水力资源主要集中分布于汾河、沁河和浊漳河等,总蕴藏量达5.561×106kW.此外,还提出了山西湿地资源保护和可持续利用的科学对策。

关键词: 湿地, 资源, 保护, 可持续利用, 山西

Abstract: The wetlands in Shanxi are mainly distributed in valleys of rivers, lakes and reservoirs and areas around lakes and reservoirs, which can be partitioned into(1)wetlands in inland estuary,(2)river wetlands,(3)lake wetlands,(4)reservoir wetlands and(5)swamp wetlands and meadow wetlands. The total area of wetland of is 2 146 km 2 in Shanxi. There are various resources on the wetlands in Shanxi. According to their economical usage and utilizing ways, they can be divided into 4 groups as follows:(1)Biological resources are consisted of 3 groups. There are 1 209 species of plants, 7 kinds of resource plants. There are 70 types of vegetation resources in which herb communities are dominant. Moreover, there are 455 species of animals, and 17 of which are belonged to the first and second grade protections in China respectively and 70 of which are fishes.(2)Land resources are mainly distributed on the floodplain in valleys of rivers. The floodplain of Huanghe River is the larges among them and has an area of about 438 km2.(3)Tourism resources are composed of Hukou Waterfall, being well known around the world, in Jixian, fresh water springs and reservoirs.(4)Resources of hydraulic power are richer, contained in Fenhe River, Qinhe River and Zhuozhang River in Shanxi, and totally amount to 5.561×106kW. Finally, the scientific strategies for protection and sustainable utilization of the wetland resources in Shanxi are discussed in this paper.

Key words: wetland, resource, protection, sustainable utilization, Shanxi

PACS: 

  • F301