地理研究 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (2): 128-133.doi: 10.11821/yj2000020003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

可持续发展代际公平的初步研究

杨勤业1, 张军涛1, 李春晖2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 山东师范大学地理系, 山东济南 250014
  • 收稿日期:1999-05-07 修回日期:1999-09-03 出版日期:2000-06-15 发布日期:2000-06-15
  • 作者简介:杨勤业(1940- ),男,湖北武汉人,研究员,1963年毕业于中山大学地质地理系自然地理专业,长期从事综合自然地理、区域地理、高原山地研究,曾发表(含合作发表)《黄土高原自然环境及其演变》、《自然地域系统研究》、《黄河流域环境演变与水沙运行规律研究》、《横断山区自然地理》等专著和论文百余篇。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(49671034);中国科学院重大项目B(KZ951-B1-203)

A preliminary study on the inter-era fair of sustainable development

YANG Qin-ye1, ZHANG Jun-tao1, LI Chun-hui2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Shandong Normall University, Jinan 250014, China
  • Received:1999-05-07 Revised:1999-09-03 Online:2000-06-15 Published:2000-06-15

摘要: 可持续发展概念自诞生以来,已经越来越得到社会各界的关注,其基本思想已经被国际社会广泛接受,并逐步向社会经济的各个领域渗透,成为当今社会的热点问题之一。按照国际社会广泛接受的概念,可持续发展是指既满足当代人的需要,又不损害后代人满足需要的能力的发展。显然,这里就提出了一个代际之间的关系问题。文章初步研究了可持续发展与环境冲突问题及代际公平的解决。

关键词: 可持续发展, 代际公平, 环境冲突

Abstract: Since the conception of sustainable development was advanced, its basic meaning has been extensively accepted. Sustainable development is a focus that all social circles pay close attention to it. In general, sustainable development is to satisfy the needs of contemporary era, but not to damage the requirement of later generations. It is quite evident that we should correctly handle the issues of inter-era relationship. In this paper, the authors have discussed the kernel idea and the basic principles of sustainable development, the state of inter-era environmental conflicts and problem solving principles. Using the judging model and the methods of cost of the user, the authors also made a preliminary approach to the interera fair by calculating the coordinated degree and accounting the resources' depletion of Tangshan City. Through thinking over the costs of resources and environment, we should keep a high economic growth for contemporary generation and not to damage the benefits and living rights of the later ages. From the interera fair, if the economic activities have resulted in serious environmental pollution and ecological damage, the limited environmental and resources' capital would be depleted. According to the cases' analysis, the relationship between the social-economic development and the environment in different regions of China is generally in discoordinated or weak coordinated state. In ecofragile areas, the situation is worse. It is in the exploring stage to account the depletion of the resources and the loss of the environmental pollution impartially. There are many issues remained to be solved in the future.

Key words: sustainable development, inter-era fair, environmental conflict

PACS: 

  • X22