地理研究 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (2): 148-155.doi: 10.11821/yj2000020006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

地域生态系统服务功能的价值结构分析——以宁夏灵武市为例

宗跃光, 陈红春, 郭瑞华, 徐宏彦   

  1. 北京师范大学资源与环境科学系, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:1999-06-03 修回日期:2000-02-26 出版日期:2000-06-15 发布日期:2000-06-15
  • 作者简介:宗跃光(1952- ),男,北京人,城市生态经济学博士。曾先后参加国家七五、八五、九五等多项科研课题,1997年美国哈佛大学高级访问学者。在国内、国际有关学报、杂志上发表论文50余篇。
  • 基金资助:
    国家留学基金管理委员会项目(留金出[1997]007号)

The systematic analysis on value of regional ecosystem services——A case study of Lingwu City

ZONG Yue-guang, CHEN Hong-chun, GUO Rui-hua, XU Hong-yan   

  1. The Department of Resources and Environmental Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:1999-06-03 Revised:2000-02-26 Online:2000-06-15 Published:2000-06-15

摘要: 从地域生态系统价值体系出发,探讨城市自然、经济、社会综合资本测算的理论和方法。通过综合资本的测算,认识和了解自然生态系统为人类社会经济提供服务的价值量,以及人类为维护自然生态系统平衡所需的资本投入量。研究表明,灵武市的自然资本约占总资本的1/3左右,牧草地和水域占自然资本总贡献的97%。工矿、城镇等土地利用方式产生巨大的自然资本负价值,其中工矿占84%,城镇占9%,显然工矿业对当地自然资本的损耗最大。

关键词: 地域生态系统, 然资本, 生态价值, 可持续发展

Abstract: In order to analyze ecological values of a regional ecosystem, this paper provided a systematic analysis on the value of regional ecosystem services based on the concept of sustainable development in ecological economics. We have not only estimated the natural capital but also the economic capital and social capital in a regional ecosystem. The total capital of 23 ecosystems serves for 9 sub-ecosystems. There are several main appraisal approaches that could be used in ecosystem valuation. Because the regional ecosystem services are uncertain, this must be considered a minimum estimate. For the total capital, natural capital contributes to more than 1/3 of human welfare in the regional ecosystem every year, and therefore represents part of the total economic and social value. Sustainable development can only be achieved when natural capital is increased in a regional ecosystem.

Key words: regional ecosystem, natural capital, ecological value, sustainable development

PACS: 

  • F062.2